Dave's Molecular Models
Alkanes

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File revised: Thu, Mar 27, 2014 .

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The following molecular models are part of Dave's molecular models database.

Note: The model presentation uses the Jmol applet requiring Java to be installed on your computer.


Model files copyright 1994-2004, 2005

The models may be used for educational or personal purposes, but may not be copied for publishing use without permission of the author.


FormulaMolar
Mass
Name (click for model)Comments
CH416.05MethaneMarsh gas. Major component of natural gas.
Information."
C2H630.08Ethane"
C2H630.08Ethaneeclipsed"
C3H5NO71.09AcrylamideHighly toxic, absorbed through unbroken skin"
C3H642.09Cyclopropane"
C3H844.11Propane"
C4H856.12Cyclobutane"
C4H1058.14Butane, anti conformation"
C4H1058.14Butane, eclipsed conformation"
C4H1058.14Butane, gauche conformation"
C4H1058.142-Methylpropane"
C4H1058.14ButaneH and Me eclipsing"
C5H666.111,1,1-Propellane"
C5H868.13Bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane"
C5H1070.15cis-1,2-Dimethylcyclopropane"
C5H1070.15Cyclopentane"
C5H1070.15trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclopropane"
C5H1272.172,2-Dimethylpropane"
C5H1272.172-Methylbutane"
C5H1272.17Pentane"
C6H1284.18Cyclohexaneboat"
C6H1284.18Cyclohexanehalf-chair"
C6H1284.18Ethylcyclobutane"
C6H1486.22,2-Dimethylbutane"
C6H1486.22,3-Dimethylbutane"
C6H1486.22-Methylpentane"
C6H1486.23-Methylpentane"
C6H1486.2Hexane"
C7H892.15Quadricyclanequadricyclo[2.2.1.0.2,6.03,5]heptane"
C7H1296.19Bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane"
C7H1296.19Bicyclo[4.1.0]heptane"
C7H1296.19Norbornane, bicyclo[2,2,1]heptane"
C7H1296.19Spiro[3.3]heptane"
C7H1498.21cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21Cycloheptane"
C7H1498.21cis-1,2-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21trans-1,3-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21trans-1-Ethyl-2-methylcyclobutane"
C7H1498.21trans-1-Isopropy-2-methylcyclopropane"
C7H16100.23(S)-2,3-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.23(R)-2,3-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.23Heptane"
C7H16100.232,4-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.233,3-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.233-Ethylpentane"
C7H16100.232,2,3-Trimethylbutane"
C7H16100.23(S)-3-Methylhexane"
C7H16100.232,2-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.232-Methylhexane"
C8H8104.16Cubanepentacyclo[42002,5.0.04,7]octane"
C8H14110.22Bicyclo[2.2.2]octane"
C8H14110.22Bicyclo[3.2.1]octane"
C8H14110.22Bicyclo[3,3,0]octane"
C8H14110.221,4-Dimethylbicyclo[2.2.0]hexane"
C8H14110.22Spiro[3.4]nonane"
C8H16112.24cis-1,2-Diethylcyclobutane"
C8H16112.24Cyclooctane"
C8H16112.241,1-Dimethylcyclohexane"
C8H16112.24cis-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexane"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexanediaxial"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexanediequatorial"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Diethylcyclobutane"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Diethylcyclobutane"
C8H16112.24cis-1,4-DimethylcyclohexaneThe cis-1,4 configuration forces one of the groups attached to the ring to be in the axial position in the chair form of the ring."
C8H16112.24trans-1,4-DimethylcyclohexaneThe trans-1,4 configuration allows both of the groups attached to the ring to be in the equatorial position in the chair form of the ring."
C8H16112.24trans-1-Ethyl-2-methylcyclopentane"
C8H16112.24Ethylcyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C8H16112.24Ethylcyclohexanechair, equatorial"
C8H16112.24cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexanechair, di-equatorial"
C8H16112.24cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexanechair, di-axial"
C8H16112.24(R)-1,1,2-Trimethylcyclopentane"
C8H16112.24(S)-1,1,2-Trimethylcyclopentane"
C8H16112.24cis-1-Ethyl-3-methylcyclopentane"
C8H18114.262,2-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26Octane"
C8H18114.26(3R,4R)-3,4-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(3S,4S)-3,4-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(3S,4R)-3,4-Dimethylhexanemeso isomer."
C8H18114.262,2,3,3-Tetramethylbutane"
C8H18114.262,2,4-Trimethylpentane"
C8H18114.263-Ethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(R)-2,4-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(S)-2,4-Dimethylhexane"
C9H16124.25Bicyclo[3.2.2]nonane"
C9H16124.25cis-Bicyclo[4.2.1]nonane"
C9H16124.25Cyclobutylcyclopentane"
C9H16124.25Dicyclobutylmethane"
C9H16124.257,7-Dimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptane"
C9H16124.252,6-Dimethylspiro[3.3]heptane"
C9H16124.255-Methylspiro[3.4]octane"
C9H16124.25Spiro[2.6]nonane"
C9H16124.25Spiro[3.5]nonane"
C9H16124.25Spiro[4,4]nonane"
C9H18126.27(R)-2-Cyclobutylpentane"
C9H18126.27Diethylcyclopentane"
C9H18126.27trans-1,2-Dimethylcycloheptane"
C9H18126.27Propylcyclohexaneequatorial, chair"
C9H18126.271-Cyclobutylpentane"
C9H18126.27cis-1-Methyl-2-propylcyclopentane"
C9H20128.293-Ethyl-2,4-dimethylpentane"
C9H20128.29Nonane"
C9H20128.29(R)-4-Methyloctane"
C9H20128.29(S)-4-Methyloctane"
C9H20128.29(S)-3-Ethyl-2-methylhexane"
C9H20128.29(R)-3-Ethyl-2-methylhexane"
C10H12132.22Basketane"
C10H16136.26Adamantane"
C10H16136.26TwistaneTricyclo[4.4.0.03.8]decane."
C10H18138.28cis-Bicyclo[4.4.0]decanecis-Decalin"
C10H18138.28trans-Bicyclo[4.4.0]decanetrans-Decalin"
C10H18138.281,2-Dimethylbicyclo[3.3.0]octane"
C10H18138.28Spiro[2.7]decane"
C10H18138.28Spiro[4.5]nonane"
C10H18138.282,6,6-Trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptane"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexaneequatorial"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexaneaxial"
C10H20140.3cis-1,2-Diethylcyclohexane"
C10H20140.3trans-1,3-Diethylcyclohexane"
C10H20140.3trans-1,3-Diisopropylcyclobutane"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexane"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C10H22142.32Decane"
C10H22142.32(3R,5R)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.32(3R,5S)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.32(3S,5R)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.32(3S,5S)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.324-Isopropylheptane"
C10H22142.32(S)-3-Ethyl-5-methylheptane"
C10H22142.32(R)-3-Ethyl-5-methylheptane"
C11H20152.31Bicyclo[3.3.3]undecane"
C11H20152.31Bicyclo[4.3.2]undecane"
C11H20152.311,9-Dimethylbicyclo[4.2.1]nonane"
C11H20152.31(2S,3S)-2-Ethyl
-3-methylbicyclo[2.2.2]octane
"
C11H20152.31Spiro[5.5]nonane"
C11H22154.33(2R,3S)-2,3Dicyclopropylpentanemeso"
C11H22154.33(1R,2S)-1,2,4-Triethylcyclopentanemeso, all cis"
C11H22154.33trans-1-t-Butyl-2-methylcyclohexane"
C11H24156.353,4-Diethyl-3-methylhexane"
C11H24156.35(3R,5S)-4-Ethyl-3,5-dimethylheptanemeso"
C11H24156.35(S)-4-Ethyl-2-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(R)-4-Ethyl-2-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3S,4S)-4-Isopropyl-3-methylheptane"
C11H24156.35(4R)-3-Isopropyl-2,4-dimethylhexane"
C11H24156.35(S)-4-Isopropyloctane"
C11H24156.35(R)-4-Isopropyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3R,5R)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3R,5S)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3S,5R)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3S,5S)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.353,3,4,4-Tetramethylheptane"
C11H24156.35(R)-3-Ethyl-2,6-dimethylheptane"
C11H24156.35(S)-3-Ethyl-2,6-dimethylheptane"
C12H22166.342,6-Dimethylspiro[4.5]decane"
C12H22166.342,6-Dimethylspiro[4.5]decane"
C12H22166.34endo-2-Isopropyl
-7,7-dimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
"
C12H22166.34Spiro[3.8]dodecane"
C12H22166.341,2,4,8-Tetramethylspiro[2.5]octane"
C12H24168.36cis-1,4-Di-tert-butylcyclohexaneAlthough the chair form of cyclohexane is usually the most stable conformation for the ring, in this case, one of the two bulky tert-butyl substituents would be forced into the axial position in the chair form. Thus the twist-boat conformation is adopted, where the two bulky tert-butyl groups can both occupy equatorial positions."
C12H24168.36cis,trans-4-Ethyl-2-methyl-1-propylcyclohexanechair, all equatorial"
C12H26170.38(3R,5S)-4-Isopropyl-3,5-dimethylheptanemeso"
C12H26170.38(R)-5-Isopropyl-2-methyloctane"
C12H26170.38(S)-5-Isopropyl-2-methyloctane"
C13H20176.33Tetracyclopropylmethane"
C13H20176.33(S)-3-cyclopropyl-4,4-dimethyloctane"
C13H24180.37(3R)-3-Cyclobutyl-1-cyclopropyl-4-methylpentane"
C13H24180.371-Methyl-8-propylbicyclo[4.3.0]nonane"
C13H24180.378-Isopropylspiro[4.5]decane"
C13H26182.39(4S)-4-Cyclopentyloctane"
C13H26182.39(4R)-3-Ethyl-4-cyclopentylhexane"
C13H28184.41(3R)-4,4-Dimethyl-3-propyloctane"
C13H28184.414,4-Dipropylheptane"
C13H28184.41(3S,5S)-5-Isopropyl-2,3-dimethyloctane"
C14H20188.34CongressaneCongress emblem of the International Congress of Pure and Applied Chemistry."
C14H26194.41,4-Diisopropylbicyclo[2.2.2]octane"
C14H30198.445-Butyldecane"
C14H30198.442,2,4,4,7,7-Tetramethyloctane"
C14H30198.44(R)-5-Isobutyldecane(R)-5-(2-Methylpropyl)decane"
C14H30198.44(S)-5-Isobutyldecane(S)-5-(2-methylpropyl)decane"
C15H32212.474,4-Di-t-butylheptane"
C15H32212.47(5R)-5-(1-Ethylpropyl)decane"
C15H32212.474-Isopropyl-4-propylnonane"
C16H30222.462,7-Diethylspiro[5.6]dodecane"
C16H34226.56-Isoamylundecane"
C16H34226.5(5S)-5-Isobutyldodecane"
C16H34226.5(4R,5S)-5-Isobutyl-4-isopropylnonane"
C17H36240.53(5S,1'S)-5-sec-Butyl-5-isopropyldecane"
C17H36240.53(6R,7S)-3,3,6-Triethyl-7-methyldecane"
C17H36240.53(6S,7R)-3,3,6-Trethyl-7-methyldecane"
C18H38254.56(5R,6S,1'S)-6-sec-Butyl
-5-isobutyldecane
"
C18H38254.56(5S)-6-Ethyl-5-isobutyl
-3-isopropyl-2-methyloctane
"
C18H38254.56(4S,5R)-4-Ethyl-2-methyl
-5,6-dipropylnonane
"
C18H38254.56(3R,4R,6S)-4-Ethyl-6-propyl-2,3-dimethylundecane"
C18H38254.56(3S,4S,6R)-4-Ethyl-6-propyl-2,3-dimethylundecane"
C18H38254.562-MethylheptadecaneSex pheromone of the tiger moth, Holomelina aurantiaca."
C19H40268.59(3S,5S,7S)-3,5,7-Triethyl
-2,5,7-trimethyldecane
"
C19H40268.59(5S,9S)-5,9-DimethylheptadecaneFemale sex pheromone of the mountain-ash bentwing, Leucoptera scitella, a pest in the apple orchards of Hungary."
C20H20260.4DodecahedraneSynthesized by LA Paquette in 1982"
C20H42282.62(3S,5R,6R,7S,1'S)-7-Isopropyl
-5-(1,2-dimethylpropyl)-3,6-dimethyldecane
"
C20H42282.62(4S,6R)-4-Isopropyl-6-pentyldodecane"
C20H42282.62(5R,6S)-6-(3-Methylbutyl)
-5-(2-methylpropyl)undecane
"
C21H44296.65(4R,6S,1'R)-4,6-Diisopropyl
-5-(1,2,2-trimethylpropyl)nonane
"
C23H48324.71(6S,8R,1'S)-6-(1-Ethyl-3-methylbutyl)
-3-ethyl-8-isopropylundecane
"
C24H48336.721,2,3,4,5,6-HexaisopropylcyclohexaneMost stable conformation: all axial!
Deliciously counterintuitive - M Jones, Organic Chemistry, Norton, 1997."
Number of entries in table : 204

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This page last modified on: Thu, Mar 27, 2014 .