Dave's Molecular Models
Formula Index

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File revised: Thu, Mar 27, 2014 .

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Index to all Dave's pages

Tutorials: Beginning Organic Chemistry. | Organic Nomenclature | Problem Solving


The following molecular models are part of Dave's molecular models database.

Note: The model presentation uses the Jmol applet requiring Java to be installed on your computer.


Model files copyright 1994-2004, 2005

The models may be used for educational or personal purposes, but may not be copied for publishing use without permission of the author.


FormulaMolar
Mass
Name (click for model)Comments
BH313.84Boron hydrideMonomer modeled."
BeH211.03Beryllium hydride"
BrF5169.9Bromine(V) fluoride"
CBrClFI272.27(R)-Bromochlorofluoroiodomethane"
CBr4331.61Tetrabromomethane"
CCl2O98.91PhosgeneHighly toxic gas, useful in organic synthesis."
CCl4153.81TetrachloromethaneCarbon tetrachloride. Solvent, formerly used as dry cleaning solvent and fire extinguisher.
Toxicity."
CHBrClF146.37(R)-BromochlorofluoromethaneRotation = -1.6"
CHBrClF146.37(S)-BromochlorofluoromethaneRotation = +1.6"
CHBrClI255.28(R)-Bromochloroiodomethane"
CHBrClI255.28(S)-Bromochloroiodomethane"
CHBrClI255.28BromochloroiodomethaneBoth (R)- and (S)- in same view"
CHCl3119.37Trichloromethane,
chloroform
Solvent, carcinogen.
Toxicity. "
CHI3393.75Triiodomethane,
iodoform
Formally used as an antisceptic."
CHN27.03Hydrogen cyanideHighly toxic, 300 ppm exposure for a few minutes may cause death. Used as a gas for exterminating rodents and insects in ships.
Health and safety."
CH2Cl284.93Dichloromethane,
methylene dichloride
Useful solvent.
Information."
CH2O30.03Methanal,
formaldehyde
Used in the production of formaldehyde resins and plastics.
Formalin is a solution of methanal in water/methanol used as a disinfectant.
Information."
CH2O246.03Methanoic acid, Formic acidpKa 3.75
Information."
CH2O362.03Carbonic acidUnstable relative to CO2 and H2O."
CH3Cl50.49ChloromethaneMethyl chloride.
Information."
CH3F33.04Fluoromethane"
CH3I141.95Iodomethane"
CH3NO45.05Methanamide, Formamide"
CH3NO261.05NitromethanepKa 10.21. Used as high energy fuel - picture."
CH416.05MethaneMarsh gas. Major component of natural gas.
Information."
CH4N2O60.07UreaFertilizer, animal feed.
Information."
CH4N2S76.13ThioureaUses: Photography, vulcanization, analysis of bismuth and selenite ions.
Britannica ref."
CH4O32.05MethanolSolvent.
Information."
CH5N31.07Methanamine,
methylamine
Synthesis by a non-chemist!"
C2Cl2O2126.92Oxalyl chloride"
C2Cl6236.72HexachloroethaneFact sheet
Detailed health information"
C2F496.02TetrafluoroetheneUsed in the manufature of Teflon."
C2HBrClF158.38(Z)-1-Chloro-1-bromo-2-fluoroethene"
C2HBrClF3194.382-Bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethaneHalothane, an inhalation anaesthetic (racemate used).
Fact sheet"
C2HCl2F3149.932,2-Dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane"
C2HCl3131.38TrichloroetheneSolvent, dry-cleaning fluid, carcinogenic.Environmental information."
C2H226.04EthyneUsed in organic synthesis and oxy-acetylene welding and as an illuminant.
Synthesized from the inorganic reagents: calcium carbide, CaC2, and water.
Information."
C2H2Br2F2221.841,1-Dibromo-2,2-difluoroethane"
C2H2ClF79.49(E)-1-Chloro-2-fluoroethene"
C2H2ClF79.49(Z)-1-Chloro-2-fluoroethene"
C2H2Cl296.94(E)-1,2-Dichloroethene"
C2H2Cl296.941,1-Dichloroethene"
C2H2Cl296.94(Z)-1,2-Dichloroethene"
C2H2Cl3NO162.42,2,2-Trichloroethanamide"
C2H2F498.041,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane134A: refrigerant now used in automobile air conditioning.
Information."
C2H2N2O70.06Furazan"
C2H2O490.04Ethanedioic acid, Oxalic acidpKa values: 1.23, 4.19. Found in rhubarb leaves.
Poisonous."
C2H3Br106.95Bromoethene"
C2H3BrO2138.95Bromoethanoic acidpKa=2.86"
C2H3Br3266.751,1,2-Tribromoethane"
C2H3Cl62.5ChloroetheneVinyl chloride, monomer of PVC.
Health hazards.
Environmental sources and risks
Carcinogenicity."
C2H3ClO78.5Acetyl chlorideAcetylating agent in synthesis.
Information."
C2H3ClO294.5Chloroethanoic acid,
chloroacetic acid
pKa=2.81
Information.
Sodium salt is monoxone."
C2H3Cl3133.41,1,1-TrihloroethaneUsed as a cleaning solvent: boiling point 74 ºC.
Information."
C2H3FO277.05Fluoroethanoic acidpKa=2.66"
C2H3I153.96Iodoethene"
C2H3IO2185.96Iodoethanoic acidpKa=3.15"
C2H3N41.06AcetonitrileAprotic solvent.
Hazards."
C2H428.06Ethene,
ethylene
Occurs in ripening fruit.
controlling the ripening of fruit.
Information."
C2H4Br2187.861,2-Dibromoethane"
C2H4Cl298.961,1-Dichloroethane"
C2H4O44.06Ethanal,
acetaldehyde
Information."
C2H4O44.06Oxirane,
ethylene oxide
Fumigant, fungicide.
Useful in organic synthesis.
Information."
C2H4O260.06Ethanoic acid,
Acetic acid
pKa 4.75.
Vinegar is an approx. 5% solution."
C2H4O260.06Methyl methanoate,
Methyl formate
Fumigant. Information."
C2H4S5188.36LenthionineIn edible shiitake mushrooms"
C2H5Br108.97Bromoethane"
C2H5Cl64.52Chloroethane"
C2H5F47.07Fluoroethane"
C2H5I155.98Iodoethane"
C2H5N43.08Aziridine"
C2H5NO59.08Ethanamide,
Acetamide
Information."
C2H5NO275.08NitroethanepKa 8.57"
C2H5N371.1Azidoethane"
C2H630.08Ethane"
C2H630.08Ethaneeclipsed"
C2H6N258.1AcetimidinepKb: 12.1"
C2H6N258.11,2-Diazetidine"
C2H6O46.08Ethanol, ethyl alcoholAlcohol as a drink/drug.
Use of ethanol as energy source.
More on ethanol for energy."
C2H6O46.08Methoxymethane,
dimethyl ether
DME. Used as aerosol propellant and fuel."
C2H6OS78.14Dimethyl sulfoxide, DMSOSolvent, avoid skin contact
Drug use."
C2H6O262.08Ethane-1,2-diol,
ethylene glycol
Glycol, anti-freeze.
Keep it away from your pets.
Information."
C2H7N45.1Ethanamine,
ethylamine
Information."
C2H7N45.1N-Methylmethanamine,
dimethylamine
Information."
C2H8N260.12Ethane-1,2-diamine,
ethylenediamine
Information."
C3Cl6O264.73HexachloroacetoneHerbicide"
C3H2ClF5O179.5(R)-1-Chloro-2,2,2-trifluoro-1-
difluoromethoxyethane,
Isoflurane
Anesthetic: human and animal, solvent for fluorinated compounds"
C3H2ClF5O179.5(R)-2-Chloro-1,1-difluoro-2-fluoro-1-
difluoromethoxyethane,
Enflurane
Anesthetic, solvent for fluorinated compounds"
C3H2O386.05Deltic acidpKa1 : 2.5
pKa2 : 6.0"
C3H2O5118.05Oxopropanedioic acidFound in beet molasses."
C3H3NO69.071,3-Oxazole"
C3H3NO69.07Isoxazole"
C3H3NS85.13isothiaazole"
C3H3N381.091,3,5-Triazine"
C3H440.07Cyclopropene"
C3H440.07Propyne"
C3H440.07Prop-1,2-diene (Allene)"
C3H4BrCl155.42(Z)-1-Bromo-1-chloroprop-1-ene"
C3H4BrCl155.42(E)-1-Bromo-1-chloroprop-1-ene"
C3H4Cl2O126.971,3-Dichloropropanone"
C3H4N268.09Imidazole"
C3H4N268.09pyrazole"
C3H4O272.07Propanedial"
C3H4O4104.07Propanedioic acid, Malonic acid"
C3H4O5120.072-Hydroxypropandioic acid"
C3H5Br120.98(E)-1-Bromoprop-1-ene"
C3H5Br120.98(Z)-1-Bromoprop-1-ene"
C3H5BrO2152.98(S)-2-Bromopropanoic acid"
C3H5BrO2152.98(R)-2-Bromopropanoic acid"
C3H5Cl76.53(E)-1-Chloroprop-1-ene"
C3H5Cl76.53(Z)-1-Chloroprop-1-ene"
C3H5ClO2108.533-Chloropropanoic acidpKa 4.0"
C3H5ClO2108.53Methyl chloroethanoateMethyl chloroacetate"
C3H5FI2312.92-Fluoro-1,3-diiodopropane"
C3H5NO71.09AcrylamideHighly toxic, absorbed through unbroken skin"
C3H5NO3103.093-Hydroxy-2-oxopropanamide"
C3H5NO4119.09HadacidinAntitumor antibiotic properties"
C3H5N3O9227.11TrinitroglycerinExplosive, dynamite with 25% diatomaceous earth,
drug relieving the symptoms of angina pectoris by dilating cardiac blood vessels
Nobel and nitroglycerin
As medication"
C3H642.09Cyclopropane"
C3H642.09Propene"
C3H6BrO2153.99(S)-2-Bromopropanoic acid"
C3H6BrO2153.99(R)-2-Bromopropanoic acid"
C3H6Br2201.891,3-Dibromopropane"
C3H6ClF95.542-Chloro-2-fluoropropane"
C3H6Cl2112.99(R)-1,2-Dichloropropane"
C3H6N6126.15MelamineUsed to form resins with methanal (formaldehyde).
Some uses."
C3H6N6O6222.151,3,5-Trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane
RDX
Cyclonite, high explosive and rat poison."
C3H6O58.09(R)-Methyloxirane"
C3H6O58.09(S)-Methyloxirane"
C3H6O58.09Propanone, Acetone"
C3H6O58.09Prop-2-en-1-olAllyl alcohol"
C3H6O58.09Prop-2-en-2-olAcetone enol"
C3H6O58.09Propanal"
C3H6OS90.151,3-Oxathiolane"
C3H6O274.091,3-Dioxolane"
C3H6O274.09Ethyl methanoate, Ethyl formate"
C3H6O274.093-Hydroxypropanal"
C3H6O274.09Hydroxypropanone"
C3H6O274.09Methyl ethanoate, Methyl acetate"
C3H6O274.09Propanoic acid"
C3H6O390.09(R)-2-Hydroxypropanoic acidLactic acid"
C3H6O390.09(R)-(+)-Glyceraldehyde"
C3H6O390.09(S)-(-)-Glyceraldehyde"
C3H6O390.09(S)-(+)-Lactic AcidIn blood and muscles of man and animals."
C3H743.11-Propyl cation"
C3H743.12-Propyl cation"
C3H7Br1231-Bromopropane"
C3H7Br1232-Bromopropane"
C3H7Cl78.551-Chloropropane"
C3H7Cl78.552-Chloropropane"
C3H7F61.11-Fluoropropane"
C3H7F61.12-Fluoropropane"
C3H7I170.011-Iodopropane"
C3H7I170.012-Iodopropane"
C3H7NO73.11N,N-Dimethylmethanamide, DMF"
C3H7NO289.11AlanineAmino acid"
C3H7NO2S121.17(R)-CysteineNatural enantiomer, L-"
C3H844.11Propane"
C3H8O60.11Methoxyethane"
C3H8O60.11Propan-1-ol"
C3H8O60.11Propan-2-ol"
C3H8O276.11Propane-1,3-diol"
C3H8O392.11Propane-1,2,3-triol"
C3H9N59.13N,N-Dimethylmethanamine"
C3H9N59.13N-Methylethanamine"
C3H9N59.13Propan-1-amine"
C3H9N59.13Propan-2-amine"
C3H9NO75.133-Aminopropan-1-ol"
C4H2O4114.06Squaric acidpKa1 : 0.5
pKa2 : 3.5"
C4H4BrNO2177.99N-BromosuccinimideBrominating agent."
C4H4F6O176.082,2,2-trifluoroethoxy-2,2,2-trifluoroethaneFlurothyl, a convulsant primarily used in experimental animals."
C4H4N280.1Pyrimidine"
C4H4N280.1Pyrazine"
C4H4N280.1Pyridazine"
C4H4N2O2112.1UracilConstituent of nucleic acids."
C4H4O68.08FuranVapours narcotic; absorbed through skin."
C4H4O4116.08trans-Butenedioic acidFumaric acid. Pka 3.03 and 4.44."
C4H4O4116.08cis-Butenedioic acidMaleic acid. pKa 1.83 and 6.07."
C4H4S84.14ThiopheneFrom coal tar. Used as a solvent, very stable."
C4H5Cl88.541-Chloro-2-butyne"
C4H5F3O123.092,2,2-TrifluoroethoxyetheneFluroxene (fluoromar), an original fluorine based anaesthetic"
C4H5N67.1Pyrrole"
C4H5NO4S163.16Acesulfane"
C4H5N3O111.12CytosineConstituent of nucleic acids."
C4H654.1But-1-yne"
C4H654.1But-2-yne"
C4H654.1But-1,3-dieneThe s-trans conformer - which cannot react in the Diels-Alder reaction."
C4H654.1But-1,3-dieneThe s-cis conformer - which, although of higher energy than the s-trans conformer, is the conformation required for reaction in the Diels-Alder reaction."
C4H6O70.1Oxetane"
C4H6O70.1(Z)-But-2-enal"
C4H6O70.1(E)-But-2-enal"
C4H6O286.1(E)-But-2-enoic acidCrotonic acid. pKa 4.7"
C4H6O286.1(Z)-But-2-enoic acid"
C4H6O3102.1Acetic anhydride"
C4H6O5134.1Hydroxybutanedioic acid(S)-Malic acid, apple acid. Found in many fruits."
C4H6O6150.1(+)-(2R,3R)-Tartaric Acidby-product of wine making, see the S,S enantiomer"
C4H6O6150.1(2R,3S)-Tartaric Acid (meso)"
C4H6O6150.1(-)-(2S,3S)-Tartaric Acida rare form of this acid with no optical rotation was called Racemic Acid (from "+ "racemus=bunch of grapes, L). Experiment showed that this was a 50-50 mixture of the (+) and (-) forms of tartaric acid (which were separated by hand-picking crystals of the sodium ammonium salt of racemic acid) and this has led all such 50-50 mixtures of the two enantiomers being labelled racemic"
C4H7BrO2167.012-Bromo-2-methylpropanoic acid"
C4H7Cl90.56(R)-3-Chlorobut-1-ene"
C4H7Cl90.56(S)-3-Chlorobut-1-ene"
C4H7Cl90.562-Chlorobut-1-ene"
C4H7Cl90.561-Chloro-2-methylprop-1-ene"
C4H7Cl90.56(E)-1-Chlorobut-1-ene"
C4H7Cl90.56(Z)-1-Chlorobut-1-ene"
C4H7Cl90.56(E)-1-Chlorobut-2-ene"
C4H7Cl90.56(Z)-1-Chlorobut-2-ene"
C4H7Cl90.564-Chlorobut-1-ene"
C4H7Cl90.56Chlorocyclobutane"
C4H7ClO2122.56Methyl (R)-2-chloropropanoate"
C4H7ClO2122.56Methyl (S)-2-chloropropanoate"
C4H856.12But-1-ene"
C4H856.12(E)-But-2-ene"
C4H856.12(Z)-But-2-ene"
C4H856.12But-2-ene(E) and (Z) in same view."
C4H856.12Cyclobutane"
C4H856.12Methylpropene"
C4H8BrCl171.47(2R,3R)-2-Bromo-3-chlorobutane"
C4H8BrCl171.47(2R,3S)-2-Bromo-3-chlorobutane"
C4H8BrCl171.47(2S,3S)-2-Bromo-3-chlorobutane"
C4H8BrCl171.47(2S,3R)-2-Bromo-3-chlorobutane"
C4H8Br2215.921,2-Dibromo-2-methylpropane"
C4H8Br2215.921,1-Dibromobutane"
C4H8Br2215.92(2R,3S)-2,3-Dibromobutane(meso)"
C4H8Br2215.92(2R,3R)-2,3-Dibromobutane"
C4H8Br2215.92(2S,3S)-2,3-Dibromobutane"
C4H8Cl2127.02(2R,3S)-2,3-Dichlorobutane(meso)"
C4H8Cl2127.02(2R,3R)-2,3-Dichlorobutane"
C4H8Cl2127.02(2S,3S)-2,3-Dichlorobutane"
C4H8O72.12Butanone,
Methyl ethyl ketone
"
C4H8O72.122,2-Dimethyloxirane"
C4H8O72.12trans-2,3-Dimethyloxirane"
C4H8O72.12TetrahydrofuranTHF, a common organic solvent"
C4H8O72.12Butanal"
C4H8O72.12Methylpropanaluseful in synthesis"
C4H8OS104.181,3-Oxathiane"
C4H8O288.12Butanoic acidThe smell of rancid butter"
C4H8O288.121,4-DioxaneSolvent. Use with care."
C4H8O288.12Ethyl acetate"
C4H8O288.12Methyl propanoate"
C4H8O3104.12(2R,3R)-2,3,4-Trihydroxybutanal,
D-Erythrose (open chain)
"
C4H8O3104.12(2R,3S)-2,3,4-Trihydroxybutanal,
L-Threose (open chain)
"
C4H8O3104.12(2S,3R)-2,3,4-Trihydroxybutanal,
D-Threose (open chain)
"
C4H8O3104.12(2S,3S)-2,3,4-Trihydroxybutanal,
L-Erythrose (open chain)
"
C4H8S2120.241,3-DithianeA useful synthetic intermediate - the two protons on the methylene group between the sulfurs can be replaced by alkyl groups and the sulfur atoms hydrolysed and replaced with oxygen, or reduced and replaced by hydrogen."
C4H957.132-Methyl-2-propyl cation"
C4H9Br137.032-Bromo-2-methylpropanet-Butyl bromide"
C4H9Br137.031-Bromo-2-methylpropaneisobutyl bromide"
C4H9Br137.03(R)-2-Bromobutane"
C4H9Br137.03(S)-2-Bromobutane"
C4H9Br137.031-Bromobutane"
C4H9BrO153.03(2R,3R)-3-Bromobutan-2-ol"
C4H9BrO153.03(2S,3S)-3-Bromobutan-2-ol"
C4H9BrO153.03(2S,3R)-3-Bromobutan-2-ol"
C4H9BrO153.03(2R,3S)-3-Bromobutan-2-ol"
C4H9Cl92.58(R)-2-Chlorobutane"
C4H9Cl92.58(S)-2-Chlorobutane"
C4H9Cl92.582-Chloro-2-methylpropane"
C4H9Cl92.581-Chlorobutane"
C4H9Cl92.581-Chloro-2-methylpropane"
C4H9ClO108.58(2R,3R)-3-Chlorobutan-2-ol"
C4H9ClO108.58(2R,3S)-3-Chlorobutan-2-ol"
C4H9ClO108.58(2S,3R)-3-Chlorobutan-2-ol"
C4H9ClO108.58(2S,3S)-3-Chlorobutan-2-ol"
C4H9ClO108.58(R)-4-Chlorobutan-2-ol"
C4H9ClO108.58(S)-4-Chlorobutan-2-ol"
C4H9I184.041-Iodobutane"
C4H9I184.04(R)-2-Iodobutane"
C4H9I184.04(S)-2-Iodobutane"
C4H9I184.042-IodobutaneBoth (R)- and (S)- in same view."
C4H9N71.142,2-Dimethylaziridine"
C4H9N71.14Pyrrolidine"
C4H9NO87.14Butanamide"
C4H9NO87.14MorpholineEnamine reagent."
C4H1058.14Butane, anti conformation"
C4H1058.14Butane, eclipsed conformation"
C4H1058.14Butane, gauche conformation"
C4H1058.142-Methylpropane"
C4H1058.14ButaneH and Me eclipsing"
C4H10FO2P139.11SarinChemical warfare agent. Extremely toxic
S enantiomer shown."
C4H10N72.15Piperazine"
C4H10O74.14Butan-1-ol"
C4H10O74.14(S)-Butan-2-ol"
C4H10O74.14(R)-Butan-2-ol"
C4H10O74.14Ethoxyethane,
ether
"
C4H10O74.141-Methoxypropane"
C4H10O74.142-Methoxypropane"
C4H10O74.142-Methylpropan-1-olIsobutyl alcohol"
C4H10O74.142-Methylpropan-2-olt-Butyl alcohol"
C4H11N73.162-Methylpropanamine"
C4H11N73.16N,N-Dimethylethanamine"
C4H11N73.16N-Ethylethanamine"
C4H11N73.16(R)-Butan-2-amine"
C4H11N73.16(S)-Butan-2-amine"
C4H11N73.16Butan-1-amine"
C4H11N73.16N-Methylpropan-1-amine"
C4H11NO89.164-Aminobutan-1-ol"
C4H11NO89.162-Amino-2-methylpropan-1-olUsed in synthesis and as an emulsifying agent in cosmetics, polishes. Also used in hair sprays, wave sets and hair dyes."
C4H60108.64Cyclobutanone"
C5H2O5142.07Croconic acidpKa1 : 0.8
pKa2 : 2.2"
C5H4N4120.13Purine"
C5H4N4S152.196-MercaptopurineAntineoplastic agent."
C5H4O296.09FurfuralInformation."
C5H4O3112.092-Furoic acid"
C5H5N79.11PyridineSolvent, unpleasant smell, in coal tar."
C5H5N5135.15AdenineVitamin B4."
C5H5N5O151.15GuanineIsolated first from guano."
C5H666.11Pent-1-en-4-yne"
C5H666.111,1,1-Propellane"
C5H6N2O110.13ThymineConstituent of nucleic acids."
C5H6O82.114H-Pyran"
C5H6O4130.11Itaconic acidUsed in the production od adhesives and paints.
Pka 3.85; 5.45
MSDS"
C5H6O4130.11(E)-2-Methylbutenedioic acidPka 3.07; 5.82"
C5H7NO97.13(R)-4-Aminocyclopent-2-enone"
C5H868.13Cyclopentene"
C5H868.133-Methylbut-1-yne"
C5H868.13Bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane"
C5H868.13Penta-1,2-diene"
C5H868.13(E)-Penta-1,3-diene"
C5H868.13Penta-1,4-diene"
C5H868.13(R)-Pent-2,3-diene"
C5H868.13(S)-Pent-2,3-diene"
C5H868.13Pent-1-yne"
C5H868.13Pent-2-yne"
C5H8Br2227.93trans-1,2-Dibromoocyclopentane"
C5H8Cl2139.03trans-1,2-Dichloroocyclopentane"
C5H8Cl2139.03cis-1,2-Dichloroocyclopentane"
C5H8F2104.131,1-Difluorocyclopentane"
C5H8I2321.95trans-1,2-Diiodocyclopentane"
C5H8I2321.95cis-1,2-Diiodocyclopentane"
C5H8N4O12316.17Pentaerythritol nitrate
PETN
Used in detonating fuse (explodes on percussion)
Medicinally (with lactose to prevent explosion!) used as a vasodilator."
C5H8O84.13Cyclopentanone"
C5H8O84.13(E)-Pent-3-en-2-one"
C5H8O84.13Pent-3-yn-1-ol"
C5H8O84.13Cyclobutanecarbaldehyde"
C5H8O84.134-Penten-2-one"
C5H8O2100.133-Oxopentanal"
C5H8O2100.13Pentanedial"
C5H8O2100.13(Z)-2-Methylbut-2-enoic acidAngelic acid
pKa 4.3"
C5H8O2100.13(E)-2-Methylbut-2-enoic acidTiglic acid
pKa 5.02"
C5H8O2100.13Pentane-2,3-dione"
C5H8O2100.13(R)-2-Methylbut-3-enoic acid"
C5H8O2100.13(S)-2-Methylbut-3-enoic acid"
C5H8O2100.13(Z)-2-Methylbut-2-enoic acidAngelic acid: found in sumbul root, Angelica archangelica L., as an ester."
C5H8O3116.135-Hydroxy-3-oxopentanal"
C5H8O3116.134-Oxopentanoic acidLevulinic acid, used in the manufacture of nylon, plastics and rubbers."
C5H9Br149.04(Z)-1-Bromo-2-methylbut-2-ene"
C5H9Br149.04(SZ)-4-Bromopent-2-ene"
C5H9Br149.04(RZ)-4-Bromopent-2-ene"
C5H9Br149.04(SE)-4-Bromopent-2-ene"
C5H9Br149.04(RE)-4-Bromopent-2-ene"
C5H9BrO165.04(1S,2S)-2-Bromocyclopentanol(trans)"
C5H9BrO2181.04(R)-2-Bromo-3-methylbutanoic acid"
C5H9BrO2181.04(S)-2-Bromo-3-methylbutanoic acid"
C5H9BrO2181.043-Bromo-3-methylbutanoic acid"
C5H9BrO2181.04(R)-2-Bromopentanoic acidpKa=2.97"
C5H9BrO2181.04(S)-2-Bromopentanoic acidpKa=2.97"
C5H9BrO2181.04(R)-3-Bromopentanoic acidpKa=4.01"
C5H9BrO2181.04(S)-3-Bromopentanoic acidpKa=4.01"
C5H9BrO2181.04(R)-4-Bromopentanoic acidpKa=4.59"
C5H9BrO2181.04(S)-4-Bromopentanoic acidpKa=4.59"
C5H9BrO2181.045-Bromopentanoic acidpKa=4.71"
C5H9Br2F246.941,5-Dibromo-3-fluoropentane"
C5H9Cl104.59(S)-3-Chloropent-1-ene"
C5H9Cl104.59(R)-3-Chloropent-1-ene"
C5H9ClO120.592,2-Dimethylpropanoyl chloride"
C5H9ClO2136.59(S)-3-Chloropentanoic acid"
C5H9D69.14(E)-1-Deuteropent-1-ene"
C5H9NO2115.153-Oxopentanamide"
C5H9N3111.17HistaminePotent vasodilator naturally in normal tissues and blood."
C5H1070.15cis-1,2-Dimethylcyclopropane"
C5H1070.15Cyclopentane"
C5H1070.15trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclopropane"
C5H1070.152-Methyl-2-butene"
C5H1070.15Pent-1-ene"
C5H1070.15(E)-Pent-2-ene"
C5H1070.153-Methylbut-1-ene"
C5H1070.152-Methylbut-1-ene"
C5H1070.15(Z)-Pent-2-ene"
C5H10Br2229.95(R)-1,3-Dibromopentane"
C5H10Br2229.95(S)-1,3-Dibromopentane"
C5H10O86.15Cyclopentanol"
C5H10O86.15cis-2,3-Dimethyloxirane"
C5H10O86.15trans-2,3-Dimethyloxirane"
C5H10O86.15Pentanal"
C5H10O86.15Pentan-2-one"
C5H10O86.15Pentan-3-one"
C5H10O86.15trans-Pent-3-en-1-ol"
C5H10O86.15(S)-Pent-4-en-2-ol"
C5H10O86.15(R)-Pent-1-en-3-ol"
C5H10O86.15(S)-Pent-1-en-3-ol"
C5H10O86.15(R)-2-Methylbutanal"
C5H10O86.15(S)-2-Methylbutanal"
C5H10O86.153-MethylbutanalOccurs in orange, lemon and other oils, and is used as an artificial flavour."
C5H10O86.15Dimethylpropanal"
C5H10O2102.15Ethyl propanoate"
C5H10O2102.15Methyl butanoateapple aroma"
C5H10O2102.15(S)-2-Methylbutanoic acid"
C5H10O2102.15Pentanoic acid"
C5H10O2102.15Propyl ethanoatepear aroma"
C5H10O2102.15Isopropyl ethanoatesolvent for plastics and fats, and used in perfumery.
Safety data."
C5H10O3118.15(2R,4S)-2,4-Dihydroxypentan-3-onemeso"
C5H10O4134.15beta-D-Deoxyribofuranose"
C5H10O5150.15beta-D-Ribofuranose"
C5H11Br151.062-Bromo-2-methylbutane"
C5H11Br151.06(R)-2-Bromo-3-methylbutane"
C5H11Br151.06(S)-2-Bromo-3-methylbutane"
C5H11Br151.061-Bromo-2,2-dimethylpropane"
C5H11Br151.063-Bromopentane"
C5H11BrO167.06(R)-1-Bromopentan-3-ol"
C5H11BrO167.06(S)-1-Bromopentan-3-ol"
C5H11BrO167.065-Bromopentan-1-ol"
C5H11Cl106.613-Chloropentane"
C5H11Cl106.61(R)-2-Chloro-3-methylbutane"
C5H11Cl106.61(S)-2-Chloro-3-methylbutane"
C5H11Cl106.612-Chloro-2-methylbutane"
C5H11ClO122.61(2R,3R)-2-Chloropentan-3-ol"
C5H11ClO122.61(2R,3S)-2-Chloropentan-3-ol"
C5H11ClO122.61(2S,3R)-2-Chloropentan-3-ol"
C5H11ClO122.61(2S,3S)-2-Chloropentan-3-ol"
C5H11N85.17Cyclopentanamine"
C5H11N85.17PiperidineFound in black pepper."
C5H11NO101.17(E)-5-Aminopent-3-en-1-ol"
C5H11NO101.17Pentanamide"
C5H11NO101.17(R)-2-Methylbutanamide"
C5H11NO101.17(S)-2-Methylbutanamide"
C5H11NO2117.175-Hydroxypentanamide"
C5H11N2O2P162.15TabunChemical warfare agent. Toxic by absorption through skin and eyes. S enantiomer shown."
C5H1272.172,2-Dimethylpropane"
C5H1272.172-Methylbutane"
C5H1272.17Pentane"
C5H12ClN121.63(R)-3-Chloro-N-methylbutan-1-amine"
C5H12N2O116.195-Aminopentanamide"
C5H12O88.171-Ethoxypropane"
C5H12O88.17(S)-2-Methoxybutane"
C5H12O88.17(R)-2-Methoxybutane"
C5H12O88.17(R)-2-Methylbutan-1-ol"
C5H12O88.17(S)-2-Methylbutan-1-ol"
C5H12O88.172-Methylbutan-2-ol"
C5H12O88.173-Methylbutan-1-ol"
C5H12O88.17(R)-3-Methylbutan-2-ol"
C5H12O88.17(S)-3-Methylbutan-2-ol"
C5H12O88.17Pentan-1-ol"
C5H12O88.17(S)-Pentan-2-ol"
C5H12O88.17(R)-Pentan-2-ol"
C5H12O88.17Pentan-3-ol"
C5H12O88.172-Methoxy-2-methylpropaneMethyl t-butyl ether, MTBE. Gasoline oxygenator.
US EPA page."
C5H12O88.172,2-Dimethylpropan-1-ol"
C5H12O2104.172,2-Dimethylpropane-1,3-diol"
C5H12O2104.17(2S,3R)-2-Methylbutane-1,3-diol"
C5H12O2104.17(2R,3S)-2-Methylbutane-1,3-diol"
C5H12O2104.17(2R,3R)-2-Methylbutane-1,3-diol"
C5H12O2104.17(2S,3S)-2-Methylbutane-1,3-diol"
C5H13N87.19N-Ethyl-N-methylethanamine"
C5H13N87.19Pentan-1-amine"
C5H13NO103.19(2R,3R)-3-Amino-N-methylbutan-2-ol"
C5H13NO103.19(2S,3S)-3-Amino-N-methylbutan-2-ol"
C5H13NO2119.192-Amino-2-ethylpropane-1,3-diolEmulsifying agent in cosmetics."
C6HCl5O266.322,3,4,5,6-Pentachlorophenolinsecticide, herbicide, wood preservation"
C6H2O6170.08Rhodizonic acid"
C6H3BrClNO2236.453-Bromo-5-chloro-1-nitrobenzene"
C6H3Br3314.791,3,5-Tribromobenzene"
C6H3ClN2O4202.562-Chloro-1,3-dinitrobenzene"
C6H3Cl3181.441,2,3-Trichlorobenzene"
C6H3FN2O4185.111-Fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzeneused in peptide analysis to label the terminal 'N'"
C6H3N3O4181.122,4-Dinitroanilineused in azo dye synthesis"
C6H3N3O6213.121,3,5-Trinitrobenzeneexplosive, less sensitive but more powerful than TNT"
C6H3N3O6213.121,2,4-Trinitrobenzene"
C6H3N3O7229.12Picric acidexplosive - care!"
C6H4BrCl191.451-Bromo-4-chlorobenzene,
p-bromochlorobenzene
"
C6H4BrCl191.451-Bromo-2-chlorobenzene,
o-bromochlorobenzene
"
C6H4BrCl191.451-Bromo-3-chlorobenzene,
m-bromochlorobenzene
"
C6H4BrClO3S271.513-Bromo-5-chlorobenzenesulphonic acid"
C6H4BrI282.911-Bromo-3-iodobenzene, m-Bromoiodobenzene"
C6H4Br2235.91,3-Dibromobenzene, m-Dibromobenzene"
C6H4Br2235.91,2-Dibromobenzene,
o-dibromobenzene
"
C6H4Br2235.91,4-Dibromobenzene,
p-dibromobenzene
"
C6H4ClNO2157.562-Chloronitrobenzene"
C6H4Cl21471,2-Dichlorobenzene, o-Dichlorobenzene"
C6H4Cl21471,3-Dichlorobenzene,
m-dichlorobenzene
"
C6H4Cl21471,4-Dichlorobenzene,
p-dichlorobenzene
"
C6H4Cl2O1632,4-DichlorophenolUsed in the synthesis of 2,4-D."
C6H4INO2249.024-Iodo-1-nitrobenzene"
C6H4I2329.921,2-Diiodobenzene,
o-diiodobenzene
"
C6H4I2329.921,3-Diiodobenzene,
m-diiodobenzene
"
C6H4I2329.921,4-Diiodobenzene,
p-diiodobenzene
"
C6H4N2O4168.121,3-Dinitrobenzene, m-Dinitrobenzene"
C6H4N2O5184.122,4-DinitrophenolpKa = 4.1
Highly toxic, absorbed through intact skin."
C6H5Br157.01Bromobenzene"
C6H5Cl112.56Chlorobenzene"
C6H5F2N127.122,4-Difluoroaniline"
C6H5I204.02Iodobenzene"
C6H5NO2123.12Nitrobenzenerapidly absorbed through skin"
C6H678.12Benzene"
C6H6Cl6290.821,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachlorobenzene,
lindane
"
C6H6N2O122.14NiacinamideVitamin B3."
C6H6N2O2138.144-NitroanilineHighly toxic, absorbed through the skin."
C6H6O94.12Phenolgeneral disinfectant"
C6H6O2110.12Hydroquinoneused in photography"
C6H6O3S158.18Benzenesulphonic acid"
C6H6O6174.12Aconitic acidFrom leaves and tubers of Aconitum napellus.
Plasticizer in form of triethyl or tributyl esters."
C6H7N93.14Aniline"
C6H7NO109.144-Aminophenol"
C6H7NO109.143-Aminophenol"
C6H880.14Cyclohexa-1,3-diene"
C6H880.14Cyclohexa-1,4-diene"
C6H880.14(E)-Hexa-1,3,5-triene"
C6H880.14(R)-3-Methylpentan-1-en-4-yne"
C6H880.14(S)-3-Methylpentan-1-en-4-yne"
C6H8Cl2151.04(R)-1,6-Dichlorocyclohex-1-eneWhen naming an alkene, the chain numbering must go through the double bond, which takes precedence over the substituent halogens for numbering."
C6H8N2O2S172.22SulfanilamideAntibacterial."
C6H8O96.14(E)-Hexa-1,4-dien-3-one"
C6H8O2112.14Cyclohexane-1,4-dione"
C6H8O3128.14Hexane-2,3,4-trione"
C6H8O6176.14Ascorbic AcidVitamin C
Information on Vitamin C
Information on Vitamin C sources
Mor information on Vitamin C sources
Microscope Image of Crystals of Vitamin C"
C6H9N3O2155.18HistidineAmino acid"
C6H1082.16Bicyclo[2.1.1]hexane"
C6H1082.16Bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane"
C6H1082.16Cyclohexene"
C6H1082.16Methylenecyclopentane"
C6H1082.163,3-Dimethylbut-1-yne"
C6H1082.16(R)-3-Methylpent-1-yne"
C6H1082.16(S)-3-Methylpent-1-yne"
C6H1082.16Hex-1-yne"
C6H1082.16Hex-2-yne"
C6H1082.16Hex-3-yne"
C6H1082.162-Methylbicyclo[2.1.0]pentane"
C6H1082.161-Methylcyclopentene"
C6H10Br2241.96(2R,5S,3Z)-2,5-Dibromohex-3-eneThe achiral, meso stereoisomer"
C6H10Br2241.96(1S,2R)-1,2-Dibromo-1-methylcyclopentane"
C6H10Br2241.96(1R,2S)-1,2-Dibromo-1-methylcyclopentane"
C6H10N2O2142.18PiracetamNootropic ('smart') drug.
Information"
C6H10O98.16(E)-Hex-2-enalFound along with hex-3-en-1-ol in cut grass."
C6H10O98.164-Methylpent-3-en-2-oneMesityl oxide. Solvent, used in lacquers, varneshes and enamels."
C6H10O98.16Cyclohexanone"
C6H10O98.16Cyclohexene oxide"
C6H10O2114.16(Z)-Hex-2-enoic acid"
C6H10O2114.163-Oxohexanal"
C6H10O2114.16(R)-4-HexanolidePheromone component of the dermestid beetle, Trogoderma glabrum."
C6H10O4146.16Hexanedioic acidNylon precursor"
C6H11Br163.07BromocyclohexaneChair, equatorial."
C6H11Br163.07BromocyclohexaneChair, axial."
C6H11Br163.07Bromomethylcyclopentane"
C6H11BrO179.07(S)-2-Bromohexanal"
C6H11BrO2195.07(2R,3R)-2-Bromo-3-methylpentanoic acid"
C6H11BrO2195.07(2S,3S)-2-Bromo-3-methylpentanoic acid"
C6H11Cl118.62(R)-1-Chloro-2,3-dimethylbutane"
C6H11Cl118.62(S)-1-Chloro-2,3-dimethylbutane"
C6H11Cl118.621-Chloro-1-methylcyclopentane"
C6H11Cl118.62Chlorocyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C6H11Cl118.62Chlorocyclohexaneequatorial, chair"
C6H11ClO2150.62(2R,4R)-2-Chloro-4-hydroxyhexanoic acid"
C6H11F101.17Fluorocyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C6H11F101.17Fluorocyclohexaneequatorial, chair"
C6H11I210.08Iodocyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C6H11I210.08Iodocyclohexaneequatorial, chair"
C6H11N97.18(S)-Hex-4-yn-3-amine"
C6H11N97.18(R)-Hex-4-yn-3-amine"
C6H11NO113.18(Z)-Hex-3-enamide"
C6H1284.18Cyclohexane, boat conformation(twist) boat conformation"
C6H1284.18Cyclohexane, chair conformationchair conformation"
C6H1284.18Cyclohexaneboat"
C6H1284.18Cyclohexanehalf-chair"
C6H1284.182,3-Dimethylbut-2-ene"
C6H1284.183,3-Dimethylbut-1-ene"
C6H1284.18Ethylcyclobutane"
C6H1284.18Hex-1-ene"
C6H1284.18Ethylcyclobutane"
C6H1284.18(E)-Hex-2-ene"
C6H1284.18(Z)-Hex-2-ene"
C6H1284.18(Z)-Hex-3-ene"
C6H1284.18(E)-Hex-3-ene"
C6H1284.18Methylcyclopentane"
C6H1284.182-Methylpent-2-ene"
C6H12O100.18CyclohexanolChair, equatorial."
C6H12O100.183,3-Dimethylbutan-2-one"
C6H12O100.18(Z)-Hex-3-en-1-olLeaf alcohol - present in leaves of odiferous plants - part of the odour of cut grass."
C6H12O100.18Hexanal"
C6H12O100.18Hexan-2-one"
C6H12O100.18Hexan-3-one"
C6H12O100.18(R)-3-Methylpentan-2-one"
C6H12O100.18(S)-3-Methylpentan-2-one"
C6H12O100.184-Methylpentan-2-oneSolvent for gums and resins."
C6H12O100.182,2-Dimethylbutanal"
C6H12O100.18(R)-2,3-Dimethylbutanal"
C6H12O100.18(S)-2,3-Dimethylbutanal"
C6H12O100.18(R)-2-Methylpentanal"
C6H12O100.18(S)-2-Methylpentanal"
C6H12O100.18(R)-3-Methylpentanal"
C6H12O100.18(S)-3-Methylpentanal"
C6H12O100.184-Methylpentanal"
C6H12O100.18Cyclohexanolaxial, chair"
C6H12O2116.18cis-Cyclohexane-1,2-diol"
C6H12O2116.18trans-Cyclohexane-1,4-diol"
C6H12O2116.18Ethyl butanoate"
C6H12O2116.18Methyl (S)-2-methylbutanoate"
C6H12O2116.18Methyl (R)-2-methylbutanoate"
C6H12O2116.18(R)-2-Ethyl-3-hydroxybutanal"
C6H12O2116.18(R)-2-Ethyl-4-hydroxybutanal"
C6H12O2116.18Pent-1-yl methanoate"
C6H12O2116.183-methylbut-1-yl methanoateFruity odour"
C6H12O3S164.24CyclamateSweetener (30 x as sweet as sucrose), used in Canada but not in the US.
Information"
C6H12O6180.18alpha-D-Galactopyranose"
C6H12O6180.18beta-D-Galactopyranose"
C6H12O6180.18Alpha-D-Glucopyranose"
C6H12O6180.18Beta-D-Glucopyranose"
C6H12S116.24(S)-2-PropylthietaneA component of the anel scent secretion of the stoat, Mustela arminea, 63% this enantiomer."
C6H12S116.24(R)-2-PropylthietaneA component of the anel scent secretion of the stoat, Mustela arminea, 37% this enantiomer."
C6H13Br165.09(S)-3-Bromo-2-methylpentane"
C6H13Br165.09(R)-3-Bromo-2-methylpentane"
C6H13Cl120.641-Chloro-4-methylpentaneisohexyl chloride"
C6H13Cl120.642-Chloro-2,3-dimethylbutane"
C6H13Cl120.64(R)-2-Chloro-3,3-dimethylbutane"
C6H13Cl120.64(S)-2-Chloro-3,3-dimethylbutane"
C6H13N99.2Quinuclidine"
C6H13NO115.2N-Ethyl-N-methylpropanamide"
C6H13NO115.2Hexanamide"
C6H13NO115.2N-Methylpentanamide"
C6H13NO2131.26-Aminohexanoic acid"
C6H13NO2131.24-Methyl-1-nitropentane"
C6H1486.22,2-Dimethylbutane"
C6H1486.22,3-Dimethylbutane"
C6H1486.22-Methylpentane"
C6H1486.23-Methylpentane"
C6H1486.2Hexane"
C6H14ClN135.66(2R,3S)-2-Chloro-4-methylpentan-3-amine"
C6H14O102.21-Isopropoxypropane"
C6H14O102.22,3-Dimethylbutan-2-ol"
C6H14O102.22-Isopropoxypropane"
C6H14O102.2(R)-2-Methylpentan-3-ol"
C6H14O102.2(S)-2-Methylpentan-3-ol"
C6H14O102.2Hexan-1-ol"
C6H14O2118.22,3-Dimethylbutane-2,3-diol"
C6H14O2118.2(R)-2-Methylpentane-2,4-diol"
C6H14O2118.2(S)-2-Methylpentane-2,4-diol"
C6H15N101.22N,3-Dimethylbutan-2-amine"
C6H15N101.22N-Ethylbutan-1-amine"
C6H15N101.22N,N-Diethylethanamine,
triethylamine
"
C6H15N101.22N-Methylpentan-3-amine"
C6H15NO117.22(2S,5R)-5-Aminohexan-2-ol"
C6H16N2116.24Hexane-1,6-diamineIntermediate in the preparation of nylon"
C7HCl5O2294.33Pentachlorobenzoic acid"
C7H3Br3O2358.82,4,6-Tribromobenzoic acid"
C7H5Br3328.823,4,5-Tribromotoluene"
C7H5ClO140.57Benzoyl chloride"
C7H5IO2248.033-Iodobenzoic acid"
C7H5NO3S183.19Saccharin500 times as sweet as sugar; bitter after-taste
Used in US but not used in foods in Canada, saccharin has now been dropped from the US list of cancer-causing chemicals>"
C7H5NO4167.132-Nitrobenzoic acid"
C7H5NO4167.134-Nitrobenzoic acid"
C7H5N3O6227.152,4,6-Trinitrotoluene, TNTExplosive
toxicity"
C7H6Br2249.932,4-Dibromotoluene"
C7H6ClI252.493-Chloro-5-iodotoluene"
C7H6O106.13Benzaldehydefrom bitter almonds, used in perfumery and as a flavour"
C7H6O2122.13Benzoic acidfound in gum benzoin and in most berries, salts used as preservative"
C7H6O2122.132-HydroxybenzaldehydeSalicylaldehyde. Used in perfumery"
C7H6O2122.134-HydroxybenzaldehydeSmall amounts found in many plants."
C7H6O4154.133,4,5-Trihydroxybenzaldehyde"
C7H6O5170.133,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acidGallic acid: found in gallnuts, sumach, tea leaves, oak bark, and many other plants, both in its free state and as part of the tannin molecule"
C7H7Br171.043-Bromotoluene, m-Bromotoluene"
C7H7Cl126.592-Chlorotolueneortho"
C7H7Cl126.594-Chlorotoluenepara"
C7H7NO121.15Benzamide"
C7H7NO2137.153-Aminobenzoic acid"
C7H7NO2137.152-Aminobenzoic acidvitamin L1, anthranilic acid"
C7H7NO2137.154-Aminobenzoic acidPABA. Sometimes used in sun screen lotions."
C7H892.15Hepta-1,5-diyne"
C7H892.15Quadricyclanequadricyclo[2.2.1.0.2,6.03,5]heptane"
C7H892.15Toluenefrom tar oil"
C7H8ClN3O4S2297.75HydrochlorothiazideIncluded in 'Dyazide' with triamterene.
WWW reference."
C7H8NO122.162-Aminobenzaldehyde"
C7H8O108.15Anisoleperfumery"
C7H8O108.15Benzyl alcohol, phenylmethanolfound in jasmine, hyacinth oils, plus others"
C7H8O108.15o-Cresoldisinfectant"
C7H8O108.15p-Cresoldisinfectant"
C7H8O108.15m-CresolUsed in disinfectants, photography and as an explosive."
C7H9Br173.06(3E,5Z)-5-Bromohept-1,3,5-triene"
C7H9N107.17p-Toluidine"
C7H9NO123.174-Methoxyaniline"
C7H10O110.17Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one"
C7H10O2126.17(2S,4S)-4-Hydroxycyclohex-2-enecarbaldehydeRing is modeled trans, diequatorial."
C7H11F113.18trans-1-Cyclopropyl-3-fluorocyclobutane"
C7H11NO125.19(R)-2-Cyanocyclohexanone"
C7H1296.19Bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane"
C7H1296.19Bicyclo[4.1.0]heptane"
C7H1296.191,2-Dimethylcyclopent-1-ene"
C7H1296.19(2E,4E)-Hepta-2,4-diene"
C7H1296.19Hept-1-yne"
C7H1296.19Methylenecyclohexane"
C7H1296.193-Methylcyclohexene"
C7H1296.19Norbornane, bicyclo[2,2,1]heptane"
C7H1296.19Spiro[3.3]heptane"
C7H12BrCl211.54(1R,2S,4S)-4-Bromo-2-chloro-1-methylcyclohexane"
C7H12Cl2167.09(Z)-2,5-Dichloro-3-ethylpent-2-ene"
C7H12Cl2O2199.092-Chloroethyl (S)-3-Chloropentanoate"
C7H12O112.19Cycloheptanone"
C7H12O112.19(E)-Hept-5-en-2-one"
C7H12O112.19(R)-2-Methylcyclohexanone"
C7H12O112.19(S)-2-Methylcyclohexanone"
C7H12O112.19(R)-(+)-Seudenolaggregation pheromone from the female Douglas fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Similar to the case of sulcatol (qv), the natural pheromone is a racemic mixture which is much more biologically active than either single enantiomer."
C7H12O112.19(S)-(-)-Seudenolaggregation pheromone from the female Douglas fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Similar to the case of sulcatol (qv), the natural pheromone is a racemic mixture which is much more biologically active than either single enantiomer."
C7H12O2128.19Heptane-3,5-dione"
C7H12O2128.19Cyclohexanecarboxylic acidEquatorial, chair."
C7H12O2128.19Isopent-1-en-1-yl ethanoate'juicy fruit' aroma"
C7H13Br177.1(1S,2R)-1-Bromo-1,2-dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H13F115.2Fluorocycloheptane"
C7H13I224.11trans-1-Iodo-2-methylcyclohexane(1R,2R), chair, diequatorial"
C7H13I224.11trans-1-Iodo-2-methylcyclohexane(1S,2S), chair, diequatorial"
C7H13NO127.21(E)-Hept-2-enamide"
C7H1498.21cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21Cycloheptane"
C7H1498.21cis-1,2-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21trans-1,3-Dimethylcyclopentane"
C7H1498.21trans-1-Ethyl-2-methylcyclobutane"
C7H1498.21trans-1-Isopropy-2-methylcyclopropane"
C7H1498.21(Z)-3-Methylhex-3-ene"
C7H1498.21(E)-3-Methylhex-3-ene"
C7H1498.21Methylcyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C7H1498.21Methylcyclohexaneequatorial, chair"
C7H14Cl2O185.11(2'R,2S)-2-Chloro-1-(2'-chloropropoxy)butane"
C7H14Cl2O185.11(2'S,2R)-2-Chloro-1-(2'-chloropropoxy)butane"
C7H14O114.21(S)-2,2-Dimethylcyclopentanol"
C7H14O114.21(R)-2,2-Dimethylcyclopentanol"
C7H14O114.212,4-Dimethylpentan-3-one"
C7H14O114.21(S)-4-Methylhexan-3-oneAlarm pheromone of the ant Manica mutica."
C7H14O114.213-Ethylpentanal"
C7H14O114.21Heptanal"
C7H14O114.21Heptan-2-one"
C7H14O114.21Heptan-3-one"
C7H14O114.21Heptan-4-one"
C7H14O114.21(1R,2S)-2-Methylcyclohexanolcis"
C7H14O114.21(1S,2R)-2-Methylcyclohexanolcis"
C7H14O114.21(1S,2S)-2-Methylcyclohexanoltrans, all equatorial"
C7H14O114.21(1R,2R)-2-Methylcyclohexanoltrans, all equatorial"
C7H14O114.21trans-3-Methylcyclohexanol"
C7H14O114.21(2R,3R)-2,3-Dimethylpentanal"
C7H14O114.21(2S,3S)-2,3-Dimethylpentanal"
C7H14O2130.213-Ethylpentanoic acid"
C7H14O2130.21trans-1,2-Dimethoxycyclopentane"
C7H14O2130.21Ethyl pentanoate"
C7H14O2130.213-Ethylpentanoic acid"
C7H14O2130.213-Methylbut-1-yl ethanoatebanana or pear aroma"
C7H14O2130.212-Methylprop-1-yl propanoaterum aroma"
C7H14O2130.21Heptanoic acidpKa 4.85"
C7H15NO2145.23(3S,4S)-4-Methyl-3-nitrohexane"
C7H15NO2145.23(3R,4R)-4-Methyl-3-nitrohexane"
C7H15NO2145.23(3R,4S)-4-Methyl-3-nitrohexane"
C7H15NO2145.23(3S,4R)-4-Methyl-3-nitrohexane"
C7H15NO3161.23(3S,4R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxy-7-oxoheptanoic acid"
C7H16100.23(S)-2,3-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.23(R)-2,3-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.23Heptane"
C7H16100.232,4-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.233,3-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.233-Ethylpentane"
C7H16100.232,2,3-Trimethylbutane"
C7H16100.23(S)-3-Methylhexane"
C7H16100.232,2-Dimethylpentane"
C7H16100.232-Methylhexane"
C7H16O116.23Heptan-1-ol"
C7H16O116.23(3R,4S)-4-Methylhexan-3-olPheromone of the ant (Tetramorium impurum"
C7H16O116.23(S)-2-Isopropoxybutane"
C7H16O116.23(R)-2-Ethylpentan-1-ol"
C7H16O116.23(S)-2-Ethylpentan-1-ol"
C7H16O2132.232,2-Diethylpropane-1,3-diol"
C7H16O2132.23(3S,4R)-Heptane-3,4-diol"
C7H16O2132.23(3R,4S)-Heptane-3,4-diol"
C7H16O2132.233-Butoxypropan-1-ol"
C7H17N115.255-Methylpropan-1-amineisoheptylamine"
C8H5Cl3O2239.482,3,6-Trichlorophenylethanoic acidFenac, a herbicide.
Information"
C8H6I2O2387.96Methyl 2,6-diiodobenzoate"
C8H6N2O5210.163,5-Dinitroacetophenone"
C8H6O3150.14PiperonalUsed in cherry and vanilla flavours, and in perfumery."
C8H6O4166.14Phthalic acid"
C8H6O4166.14Isophthalic acidm-Phthalic acid."
C8H6O4166.14Terephthalic acidp-Phthalic acid."
C8H7ClO154.63-Toluyl chloride"
C8H7N117.16IndoleUsed in perfumary (pleasant smell when diluted.)"
C8H7NO4181.16Methyl 4-nitrobenzoate"
C8H8104.16Cubanepentacyclo[42002,5.0.04,7]octane"
C8H8104.16Cyclooctatetraene (8-annulene)"
C8H8104.16StyreneInformation.
Monomer of polystyrene
Using polystyrene: pros, and cons."
C8H8Cl2O191.062,4-Dichloro-3,5-dimethylphenolMold inhibitor, preservative."
C8H8N2O3180.184-Nitroacetanilide"
C8H8O120.16Acetophenoneimparts orange-blossom-like odour in perfumery"
C8H8O2136.164-Methoxybenzaldehyde"
C8H8O2136.16Methyl benzoateused in perfumery"
C8H8O2136.16Phenyl ethanoate"
C8H8O2136.163-Toluic acid"
C8H8O2136.164-Methoxybenzaldehyde,
p-anisaldehyde
"
C8H8O3152.16Vanillinflavouring agent : vanilla"
C8H8O3152.16Methyl salicylateIn oil of wintergreen."
C8H8O3152.164-Methoxybenzoic acid,
p-anisic acid
"
C8H9BrO2217.075-Bromo-1,3-dimethoxybenzene"
C8H9ClO156.624-Chloro-3,5-dimethylphenolChloroxylenol, active ingredient (4.8%) in Dettol."
C8H9NO135.182,3-Dihydro-7-methylpyrrolizine-1-onePheromone of queen butterfly, Danaus gilippus berenice, and isolated from other butterflies"
C8H9NO135.18Ethananilide, Acetanilide"
C8H9NO2151.18Acetaminophen, Tylenolanalgesic, antipyretic"
C8H9NO3167.18PyridoxalAldehyde from Vitamin B6"
C8H10106.18Ethylbenzene"
C8H10106.18Oct-2,4-diyne"
C8H10106.18o-Xylene"
C8H10106.18m-Xylene"
C8H10106.18p-Xylene"
C8H10NO2152.19Methyl anthranilategrape aroma"
C8H10N4O2194.22Caffeinein tea, coffee, cola nuts
gif image
caffeine faq,
caffeine archive,
chem info,
drug info,
Caffeine content in beverages, foods, drugs,
Laboratory extraction of caffeine from tea"
C8H10O122.18Ethoxybenzene"
C8H11NO2153.2DopamineNeurotransmitter. A deficiency is associated with Parkinson disease"
C8H11NO3169.2Pyridoxine, Vitamin B6"
C8H12108.2Cyclohexylethyne"
C8H12O124.2(2E,4Z)-Octa-2,4-dienal"
C8H13Cl144.66(M)-3-Chloro-5-methylhepta-3,4-diene"
C8H13Cl144.66(P)-3-Chloro-5-methylhepta-3,4-diene"
C8H14110.22Bicyclo[2.2.2]octane"
C8H14110.22Bicyclo[3.2.1]octane"
C8H14110.22Bicyclo[3,3,0]octane"
C8H14110.22(E,P)-Cyclooctenesmallest isolable 'trans' cycloalkene
Natural production of Chirality?"
C8H14110.22(E,M)-Cyclooctenesmallest isolable 'trans' cycloalkene
Natural production of Chirality?"
C8H14110.221,4-Dimethylbicyclo[2.2.0]hexane"
C8H14110.221,2-Dimethylcyclohex-1-ene"
C8H14110.222,2-Dimethylhex-3-yne"
C8H14110.222,5-Dimethylhex-3-yne"
C8H14110.22Methylenecycloheptane"
C8H14110.22Spiro[3.4]nonane"
C8H14O2142.22Cyclohexyl ethanoate (chair, axial)"
C8H14O2142.22(R)-3,5-Dimethylhexane-2,4-dione"
C8H14O2142.22(S)-3,5-Dimethylhexane-2,4-dione"
C8H14O2142.22FrontalinA natural cyclic ketal
From the male western pine beetle, Dendroctomus brevicomis."
C8H14O2142.22(Z)-Oct-5-enoic acid"
C8H14O3158.22(3R,4R)-4-Hydroxy-3-methylheptane-2,5-dione"
C8H14O3158.22(3S,4S)-4-Hydroxy-3-methylheptane-2,5-dione"
C8H14O4174.22Dimethoxane chair, all equatorial
gasoline additive"
C8H15Br191.13Bromomethylcycloheptane"
C8H15Cl146.68(1S,2R)-1-Chloro-1,2-dimethylcyclohexane"
C8H15Cl146.68(1R,2S,3R)-1-Chloro-2,3-dimethylcyclohexane"
C8H15Cl146.68(E)-1-Chlorooct-1-ene"
C8H15Cl3217.581,1,1-Trichloro-2,2-dimethylhexane"
C8H16112.24cis-1,2-Diethylcyclobutane"
C8H16112.24Cyclooctane"
C8H16112.241,1-Dimethylcyclohexane"
C8H16112.24cis-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexane"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexanediaxial"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexanediequatorial"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Diethylcyclobutane"
C8H16112.24trans-1,2-Diethylcyclobutane"
C8H16112.24cis-1,4-DimethylcyclohexaneThe cis-1,4 configuration forces one of the groups attached to the ring to be in the axial position in the chair form of the ring."
C8H16112.24trans-1,4-DimethylcyclohexaneThe trans-1,4 configuration allows both of the groups attached to the ring to be in the equatorial position in the chair form of the ring."
C8H16112.24trans-1-Ethyl-2-methylcyclopentane"
C8H16112.242-Methylhept-1-ene"
C8H16112.24(E)-3-Methyl-3-heptene"
C8H16112.24(Z)-3-Methyl-3-heptene"
C8H16112.24Ethylcyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C8H16112.24Ethylcyclohexanechair, equatorial"
C8H16112.24cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexanechair, di-equatorial"
C8H16112.24cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexanechair, di-axial"
C8H16112.24(R)-1,1,2-Trimethylcyclopentane"
C8H16112.24(S)-1,1,2-Trimethylcyclopentane"
C8H16112.24cis-1-Ethyl-3-methylcyclopentane"
C8H16O128.24(1S,2S)-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexanol"
C8H16O128.24(S)-4-Methylheptan-3-onePrincipal alarm pheromone of the leaf-cutting ant, Atta texana"
C8H16O128.24(-)-(R)-Sulcatolaggregation pheromone produced by males of Gnathotrichus sulcatus. Neither enantiomer is biologically active on its own, but the racemic mixture is more active than the natural pheromone which is a 65% S to 35% R mixture"
C8H16O128.24(+)-(S)-Sulcatolaggregation pheromone produced by males of Gnathotrichus sulcatus. Neither enantiomer is biologically active on its own, but the racemic mixture is more active than the natural pheromone which is a 65% S to 35% R mixture"
C8H16O128.24Octanal"
C8H16O2144.24Ethyl hexanoateartificial fruit flavour"
C8H16O2144.24(S)-3-Ethylhexanoic acid"
C8H16O2144.24(S)-2-Hydroxyoctan-3-oneMale-produced sex pheromone of the grape borer, Xylotrechus pyrrhoderus."
C8H16O2144.24(R)-3-Ethylhexanoic acid"
C8H16O2144.244-Ethyl-4-hydroxyhexan-2-one"
C8H16O2144.246-Methylheptanoic acid"
C8H16O2144.24Methyl 5-methylhexanoate"
C8H16O2144.24Octanoic acid"
C8H16O3160.24(2R,4R)-2-Ethyl-4-hydroxyhexanoic acid"
C8H16O3160.24(2S,4S)-2-Ethyl-4-hydroxyhexanoic acid"
C8H16O4176.2412-Crown-4Crown ethers can be used to solubilize inorganic salts in organic solvents by complexing with the positive metal ions of the salt. This particular crown ether has a hole diameter sufficient in size to accomodate a lithium cation. When the cation is taken up in an organic solvent, the accompanying anion must follow into that solvent without solvation, making it highly reactive."
C8H17Br193.15(2R,5S)-2-Bromo-5-methylheptane"
C8H17Br193.15(2S,5R)-2-Bromo-5-methylheptane"
C8H17Cl148.71-Chloro-5,5-dimethylhexane"
C8H17Cl148.71-Chloro-5,5-dimethylhexane"
C8H17FO147.25(2S,3R)-3-Ethoxy-2-fluorohexane"
C8H17FO147.25(2R,3S)-3-Ethoxy-2-fluorohexane"
C8H17I240.16(3S)-3-Ethyl-1-iodo-4-methylpentane"
C8H17I240.16(2S,3R)-3-Ethyl-2-iodo-4-methylpentane"
C8H17I240.16(2R,3S)-3-Ethyl-2-iodo-4-methylpentane"
C8H17I240.16(2S,3S)-3-Ethyl-2-iodo-4-methylpentane"
C8H17I240.16(2R,3R)-3-Ethyl-2-iodo-4-methylpentane"
C8H17I240.16(3R)-3-Ethyl-1-iodo-4-methylpentane"
C8H17N127.26Coniinefrom hemlock, Socrates' poison"
C8H17NO3S207.32FelinineIsolated from cat urine. Rotation: -11.5"
C8H18114.262,2-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26Octane"
C8H18114.26(3R,4R)-3,4-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(3S,4S)-3,4-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(3S,4R)-3,4-Dimethylhexanemeso isomer."
C8H18114.262,2,3,3-Tetramethylbutane"
C8H18114.262,2,4-Trimethylpentane"
C8H18114.263-Ethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(R)-2,4-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18114.26(S)-2,4-Dimethylhexane"
C8H18O130.26(R)-3-Ethoxy-2-methylpentane"
C8H18O130.26(S)-3-Ethoxy-2-methylpentane"
C8H18O130.263-Isopropoxypentane"
C8H18O130.26Octan-1-ol"
C8H18O130.26(3S,4S)-4-Methylheptan-3-olAn aggregation pheromone of the smaller European elm bark beetle, Scolytus multistriatus"
C8H18O130.26(3R,4S)-4-Methylheptan-3-olA trail pheromone of the ant, Leptogenys diminuta"
C8H18O130.266-Methylheptan-1-olisooctyl alcohol"
C8H18O130.261-t-Butoxy-2-methylpropane"
C8H18O130.261-Isobutoxy-2-methylpropaneIsobutyl ether"
C8H18O130.26(R)-1-Ethoxy-3-methylpentane"
C8H18O2146.26(2S,3S)-Octane-2,3-diolMale-produced sex pheromone component of Xylotrechus pyrrhoderus, a grape borer and major pest in Japan."
C8H18O2146.26(2S)-2-Hydroxyoctan-3-oneMale-produced sex pheromone component of Xylotrechus pyrrhoderus, a grape borer and major pest in Japan."
C8H18O2146.26(4S,5R)-5-Hydroxy-4-methylheptan-3-oneSitphilure, aggregation pheromone of the rice weevil, Sitopilus oryzae, and the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais."
C8H19N129.28(2R,5R)-5-Methylheptan-2-amine"
C8H19N129.28(R)-N-Prop-1-ylpentan-2-amine"
C9H6O2146.15CoumarinFound in tonka beans, lavender oil and sweet clover"
C9H6O3162.15UmbelliferoneIn some sun screen lotions/creams"
C9H7N129.17QuinolineOccurs in coal tar. Used in manufacturing dyes, as a preservative and as a solvent."
C9H7NO3177.174-Nitro-3-vinylbenzaldehyde"
C9H8NO3178.184-Ethyl-2-nitrobenzaldehyde"
C9H8O132.17CinnamaldehydeIn cinnamon oils"
C9H8O4180.17Acetylsalicylic Acidaspirin, asa
analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory information
The Aspirin story"
C9H9NO147.19(E)-Cinnamamide"
C9H9NO3179.19AdrenochromeDecomposition product of epinephrine (adrenaline). Adrenochrome is an hallucinogen which also inhibits nerve cell transmission."
C9H10118.191-Phenylpropene"
C9H10118.193-Phenylpropene"
C9H10NO5212.25-Ethoxy-3-nitrobenzoic acid"
C9H10O134.19Cinnamyl alcoholOdour of hyacinth; occurs as esters in cinnamon leaves and hyacinth oil; used in perfumary and as a deodorant."
C9H10O2150.19Benzylyl ethanoatepeach aroma"
C9H10O2150.19Ethyl benzoate'Essence de Niobe in perfumery, artificial fruit flavour"
C9H11NO2165.21BenzocaineA topical anesthetic"
C9H11NO3181.21TyrosineL- (S) enantiomer is naturally occuring amino acid."
C9H12120.21Cumeneisopropylbenzene"
C9H12120.214,4-Dimethylhept-2,5-diyne"
C9H12120.21Mesitylene"
C9H13N135.23Amphetamine,
(benzedrene)
Stimulant, information.,
drug abuse facts."
C9H13NO151.23(S)-N-Methylphenylethanolamine"
C9H13NO151.23Acacia lactamS enantiomer modelled."
C9H13NO2167.23(S)-Phenylephrine"
C9H13NO3183.23Epinephrine, adrenalinHormone secreted by the adrenal medulla. One use is as a bronchdilator - antiasthma"
C9H13N2O2181.24BromacilWeed killer; R enantiomer modelled.
Information"
C9H14122.23(S)-Bicyclo[3.3.1]non-1-eneSmallest bridgehead alkene stable at room temperature"
C9H14122.23(R)-Bicyclo[3.3.1]non-1-eneSmallest bridgehead alkene stable at room temperature"
C9H14122.23Cyclononynesmallest cyclic molecule to contain a triple bond."
C9H14122.23Non-1-en-7-yne"
C9H14122.23Santenecomponent of East Indian sandalwood oil"
C9H14Br2282.03trans-1,6-Dibromobicyclo[4,3,0]nonane"
C9H14O138.23Spiro[4.5]decan-2-one"
C9H14O138.231,3-Dicyclopropylpropan-2-one"
C9H14OS3234.41(Z)-AjoeneAntithrombotic principle found in garlic in a 4:1 (E:Z) ratio. The Z isomer is more biologically active.
Garlic and health
Growing garlic
Crystal photograph"
C9H14O2154.23(S)-2-Hydroxynon-7-yn-4-one"
C9H15Cl158.69(R)-1-Chlorospiro[4.4]nonane"
C9H15Cl158.69(S)-1-Chlorospiro[4.4]nonane"
C9H16124.25Bicyclo[3.2.2]nonane"
C9H16124.25cis-Bicyclo[4.2.1]nonane"
C9H16124.25Cyclobutylcyclopentane"
C9H16124.25(E)-Cyclononene"
C9H16124.25(Z)-Cyclononene"
C9H16124.25Dicyclobutylmethane"
C9H16124.257,7-Dimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptane"
C9H16124.252,6-Dimethylspiro[3.3]heptane"
C9H16124.25(3Z)-3-Ethylhept-1,3-diene"
C9H16124.252-Methyloct-3-yne"
C9H16124.255-Methylspiro[3.4]octane"
C9H16124.25(3Z,5Z)-Nona-3,5-diene"
C9H16124.25Non-1-yne"
C9H16124.25Spiro[2.6]nonane"
C9H16124.25Spiro[3.5]nonane"
C9H16124.25Spiro[4,4]nonane"
C9H16O140.25Cyclopropoxycyclohexane"
C9H16O2156.25exo-BrevicominA natural cyclic ketal. Component of the aggregation pheromone of the female western pine beetle, Dendroctomus brevicomis."
C9H16O2156.25(R)-3,6-)Dimethylheptane-2,4-dionePheromone of the mushroom fly, Megaselia halterata.
Although the R enantiomer is depicted, keto-enol tautomerism ensures that racemization quickly occurs."
C9H16O2156.25Spiro[5.5]-1,7-dioxaundecaneOlive-fly pheromone"
C9H16O4188.25Diethyl pentanedioate"
C9H16O4188.25(R)-6-Hydroxy-4-oxononanoic acid"
C9H17I252.17(E)-3-Ethyl-1-iodohept-3-ene"
C9H17N7O4287.33Saxitoxinfrom dinoflagellates, which include Alexandrium tamarense, Gymnodinium catenatum, and Pyrodinium bahamense cause of 'red tide'.
Saxitoxin"
C9H18126.27(R)-2-Cyclobutylpentane"
C9H18126.27Diethylcyclopentane"
C9H18126.27trans-1,2-Dimethylcycloheptane"
C9H18126.27(Z)-2,6-Dimethylhept-3-ene"
C9H18126.274-Ethyl-2-methylhex-2-ene"
C9H18126.27Propylcyclohexaneequatorial, chair"
C9H18126.271-Cyclobutylpentane"
C9H18126.27cis-1-Methyl-2-propylcyclopentane"
C9H18O142.27meso-3,5-Dimethylheptan-4-one"
C9H18O142.273-Ethylheptan-4-one"
C9H18O142.27PropoxycyclohexaneChair, equatorial."
C9H18O142.27(S)-6-Methyloctan-3-oneAlarm pheromone of ants of the genus Crematogaster"
C9H18O142.27Nonanal"
C9H18O142.272,2,4,4-Tetramethylpentan-3-one"
C9H18O142.27(E)-Non-6-en-1-olMale sex pheromone of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata."
C9H18O2158.27(S)-2-Isopropyl-4-methylpentanoic acid"
C9H18O2158.279-Hydroxynon-4-oneRectal gland secretion of fruit flies, Dacus occipitalis and D. halfordiae."
C9H18O2158.27(R)-2-Isopropyl-4-methylpentanoic acid"
C9H18O2158.27Methyl 2-isopropyl-3-methylbutanoate"
C9H18O2158.273-Methylbut-1-yl butanoatepear-like odour."
C9H18O5S238.33Isopropyl beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside"
C9H18O6222.27Isopropyl beta-D-Galactopyranoside"
C9H18Si154.361-Trimethylsilylhex-1-yne"
C9H19BrO223.18(2R,3R)-2-Bromo-3-isopropoxy
-4-methylpentane
"
C9H19BrO223.18(2S,3S)-2-Bromo-3-isopropoxy
-4-methylpentane
"
C9H20128.293-Ethyl-2,4-dimethylpentane"
C9H20128.29Nonane"
C9H20128.29(R)-4-Methyloctane"
C9H20128.29(S)-4-Methyloctane"
C9H20128.29(S)-3-Ethyl-2-methylhexane"
C9H20128.29(R)-3-Ethyl-2-methylhexane"
C9H20NO3190.3(3S,4R,5R)-4-Amino-5-ethyl
-3-hydroxy-7-oxoheptanoic acid
"
C10Cl10O490.6ChlordeconeKepone, a polycyclic insecticide and fungicide.
Molecule contains no hydrogen.
info on the web
more info on the web
An Introduction to Insecticides"
C10F18444.1trans-Perfluorodecalin"
C10H6O3174.16JugloneColouring matter. Isolated from walnut shells"
C10H8128.18NaphthaleneMajor single component of coal tar."
C10H8128.18AzuleneIntensely blue crystals."
C10H8O144.182-Naphthol"
C10H10130.210-Annulene"
C10H10Fe186.05FerroceneOrganometallic 'sandwich'"
C10H10I2O2416.02Isopropyl 2,3-diiodobenzoate"
C10H10O2162.2SafroleConstitutes 75% of sassafras oil."
C10H11NO2177.22TuberinAntitubercular antibiotic from Streptomyces amakusaensis."
C10H11NO4209.22Isopropyl 2-nitrobenzoate"
C10H12132.22Basketane"
C10H12N2O176.24SerotoninVasoactive amine."
C10H12O148.224-Phenylbutan-2-one"
C10H12O2164.22Ethyl phenylethanoatehoney aroma"
C10H12O2164.22(2Z,4Z,6E)-Deca-2,4,6-trien-5-olideQueen recognition pheromone component of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta."
C10H12O2164.222,4,6-Trimethylbenzoic acid"
C10H12O2164.22EugenolUsed in perfumery and as an insect attractant! Also as an analgesic in dentistry."
C10H12O2164.22IsoeugenolOccurs in ylang-ylang and other essential oils; used in the manufacture of vanillin"
C10H13N5O4267.28AZT(+)-3'azido-2'-deoxythymidine: AIDS drug
information
toxicology"
C10H14134.24t-Butylbenzene"
C10H14134.24But-1-ylbenzene"
C10H14134.24m-Cymene"
C10H14134.241,4-Diethylbenzenep-Diethylbenzene."
C10H14134.24(S)-3-Propylhept-1,6-diyne"
C10H14134.24Thymolfrom oil of thyme, a topical antiseptic"
C10H14NO5PS291.28ParathionInsecticide, acaricide. Highly toxic"
C10H14N2162.26Nicotineinsecticide"
C10H14O150.24(-)-(R)-Carvonefrom spearmint oil"
C10H14O150.24(+)-(S)-Carvonefrom caraway seed"
C10H14O150.24FilifoloneA bicyclo[3.2.0]enone and a monoterpene"
C10H16136.26Adamantane"
C10H16136.26Campheneconstituent of pine oil"
C10H16136.26delta-3-Carene
a constituent of turpentine with a cyclopropyl ring"
C10H16136.26(R)-(+)-Limonenein oil of lemon, orange, caraway, etc."
C10H16136.267-Methyl-3-methyleneocta-1,6-diene
myrcene
Present in oil of bay, oil of verbena, bayberry wax, hops, and elsewhere"
C10H16136.26alpha-PineneOil of turpentine contains about 60% alpha-pinene and about 30% beta-pinene.
Used in the manufacture of camphor, insecticides, solvents, perfume bases"
C10H16136.26beta-PinenePresent to about 30% in oil of terpentine, occurs with alpha-pinene"
C10H16136.26TwistaneTricyclo[4.4.0.03.8]decane."
C10H16136.26alpha-TerpineneOdour of lemons; from cardomom and majoram oils."
C10H16136.26gamma-Terpinene"
C10H16136.26D-Lactic acidRacemic lactic acid occurs in sour milk."
C10H16NO8S2342.39Sinigrin (anion)flavour compound: mustard, horseradish"
C10H16N6S252.38Cimetidine, TagmetAnti-ulcerative
Information"
C10H16O152.26trans-Bicyclo[4.4.0]decan-3-one"
C10H16O152.26Geranial, Citral astrong lemon odour"
C10H16O152.26Neral, Citral blemon odour, sweeter than geranial"
C10H16O152.26(R)-(-)-IpsdienolThis enantiomer is a pheromone of Ips calligraphus"
C10H16O152.26(S)-(+)-IpsdienolThis enantiomer is a pheromone of Ips paraconfusus and Ips avulsus"
C10H16O152.26CamphorMoth repellant, plasticizer"
C10H16O152.26(S)-PulegoneFound in oils from Labiatea family and in pennyroyal oils."
C10H16O152.26(S)-Piperitoned-form has a peppermint odour; l-form is found in sitka spruce oil."
C10H16O2168.26(+)-trans-Chrysanthemic acida terpene constituent of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium"
C10H16O3184.26(E)-9-Oxodec-2-enoic acidQueen substance of honey bee, Apis mellifera"
C10H17Br217.17(S)-2-Bromospiro[4.5]decane"
C10H17Br217.17(R)-2-Bromospiro[4.5]decane"
C10H17Cl172.72(S)-2-Chlorospiro[4.5]decane"
C10H17Cl172.72(R)-2-Chlorospiro[4.5]decane"
C10H17NO6247.28Linamarinfrom manoic, a SE Asian yam"
C10H17N3O6S307.36GlutathioneMajor small sulphur-containing molecule in living plants and animals.
Information
Biochemical roles."
C10H18138.28cis-Bicyclo[4.4.0]decanecis-Decalin"
C10H18138.28trans-Bicyclo[4.4.0]decanetrans-Decalin"
C10H18138.28Dec-4-yne"
C10H18138.281,2-Dimethylbicyclo[3.3.0]octane"
C10H18138.28(R)-3-Propylhept-1-yne"
C10H18138.28(S)-3-Propylhept-1-yne"
C10H18138.28Spiro[2.7]decane"
C10H18138.28Spiro[4.5]nonane"
C10H18138.282,6,6-Trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptane"
C10H18Br2298.08(1S,2S,4R)-1,2-Dibromo
-4-t-butylcyclohexane
"
C10H18Cl2O225.182,2-Dichloro-4-propylheptanal"
C10H18O154.28Citronellalused as soap perfume and insect repellent"
C10H18O154.28FragranolA cyclobutanone from Artemisia fragrens. Diastereoisomer of grandisol"
C10H18O154.28GeraniolFrom Turkish geranium oil, diasteriomer of nerol (qv)"
C10H18O154.28(S)-(+)-ManiconeAlarm pheromone of ants"
C10H18O154.28Nerolwidely occuring monoterpene, diastereoisomer of geraniol (qv)
odour of sweet rose"
C10H18O154.28(R)-LinaloolOdour resembling bergamot and lavender which it replaces in perfumery; from lanaloe oil."
C10H18O154.28l-MenthoneFound in volatile oils of pennyroyal, peppermint and geranium and used in perfumary and flavouring."
C10H18O2170.28(Z)-Dec-3-enoic acidSex pheromone of the furniture carpet beetle, Anthrenus flavipes."
C10H18O3186.28(E)-9-Hydroxydec-2-enoic acidComponent of swarm-setting pheromone of queen honeybees."
C10H19Br219.19(Z)-5-Bromodec-5-ene"
C10H19O6PS2330.38MalathionInsecticide. Toxic"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexaneequatorial"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexaneaxial"
C10H20140.3(E)-Dec-5-ene"
C10H20140.3cis-1,2-Diethylcyclohexane"
C10H20140.3trans-1,3-Diethylcyclohexane"
C10H20140.3trans-1,3-Diisopropylcyclobutane"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexane"
C10H20140.3t-Butylcyclohexaneaxial, chair"
C10H20I2394.12meso-2,6-Diiodo-4-isopropylheptane"
C10H20I2394.12(2S,3S)-2,6-Diiodo-4-isopropylheptane"
C10H20I2394.12(2R,3R)-2,6-Diiodo-4-isopropylheptane"
C10H20N2S4296.56Antabusealcohol deterrent"
C10H20NaO5243.2915-Crown-5-NaCrown ether which complexes the sodium ion."
C10H20O156.3Mentholfrom peppermint oil"
C10H20O156.3(S)-2,4,6-Trimethylheptan-3-one"
C10H20O156.3Decanal"
C10H20O2172.3(R)-But-2-yl (S)-3-methylpentanoate"
C10H20O2172.3Decanoic acid"
C10H20O2172.3(R)-2-Methylbut-1-yl
(R)-2-methylbutanoate
"
C10H20O2172.3(S)-2-Methylbut-1-yl
(S)-2-methylbutanoate
"
C10H20O2172.3Octyl ethanoateorange aroma"
C10H20O2172.3(S)-7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyloctanalLily-of-the-valley.
The R enantiomer has different odour"
C10H20O2172.3(R)-7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyloctanalMint.
The S enantiomer has different odour."
C10H20O2172.33-Methyl-1-butyl 3-methylbutanoateApple-like odour - used as apple essence."
C10H20O3188.3SitophilateAggregation pheromone (male) of the granary weevil, Sitophilus granarius."
C10H21NO171.32N,N-Diisopropyl-2-methylpropanamide"
C10H21NO171.323-Ethyl-6-methylheptanamide"
C10H22142.32Decane"
C10H22142.32(3R,5R)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.32(3R,5S)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.32(3S,5R)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.32(3S,5S)-3,5-Dimethyloctane"
C10H22142.324-Isopropylheptane"
C10H22142.32(S)-3-Ethyl-5-methylheptane"
C10H22142.32(R)-3-Ethyl-5-methylheptane"
C10H22O158.32(2'R,3S)-3-(2'-Butoxy)hexane"
C10H22O158.32(2'S,3R)-3-(2'-Butoxy)hexane"
C10H22O158.323-(3'-Pentoxy)pentane"
C10H22O158.32(R)-4-Methylnonan-1-olSex pheromone of the yellow mealworm, Tenebriomolitor"
C10H22O2174.321,4-Diisopropoxybutane"
C10H22O2174.32meso-2,3,4,5-Tetramethylhexane-2,5-diol"
C10H23N157.34N-Ethyl-N-methylheptan-4-amine"
C10H23N157.34(4S,7R)-7-Methylnonan-4-amine"
C10H23N157.34(4R,7S)-7-Methylnonan-4-amine"
C11H8N2O3S248.27LuciferinIsolated from the American firefly. 15,000 fireflies gives 9 mg.
Simple description plus other refs"
C11H12NO174.24Butananilide"
C11H14O2178.255-Phenylpentanoic acid"
C11H15NO2193.27Isobutyl 4-aminobenzoateTopical anaesthetic and sunscreen"
C11H16O164.27Ectocarpenevolatile sperm cell attractant released by the eggs of the seaweed Ectocarpus siliculosus"
C11H16O164.27Jasmoneperfume, from oil of jasmine"
C11H16O2180.272-t-Butyl-4-methoxyphenolAntioxidant used in packaged foods."
C11H16O3S228.33(R)-2-Butyl p-toluenesulphonate"
C11H17NO3211.29MescalineHallucinogen from peyote.
"
C11H18O2182.29Nerol formateAlarm pheromone of the cheese mite Tyrophagus putrescentiae
Used in perfumery, which led Thomas and Bessiere (in Total Synthesis of Natural Products, Vol. 4, p459) to wonder 'what the effect of a perfumed hand over a dish of doubtful cheese would be!'"
C11H18O2182.29(E)-Non-6-en-1-yl acetateAttractant for the female melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae)"
C11H19ClO2218.75cis-2-Chlorocyclopent-1-yl
2-ethylbutanoate
"
C11H20152.31Bicyclo[3.3.3]undecane"
C11H20152.31Bicyclo[4.3.2]undecane"
C11H20152.311-Cyclohexylpentan-1-one"
C11H20152.311,9-Dimethylbicyclo[4.2.1]nonane"
C11H20152.31(2S,3S)-2-Ethyl
-3-methylbicyclo[2.2.2]octane
"
C11H20152.31Spiro[5.5]nonane"
C11H20O168.31(Z)-Dec-5-en-2-onePheromone of the bontebok, Damliscus dorcas dorcas."
C11H20O2184.31(S)-1-Methylbutyl
(E)-2-methylpent-2-enoate
Dominicalure 1: a male-produced aggregation pheromone of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica."
C11H20O2184.31(S)-1-Methylbutyl
(E)-2,4-dimethylpent-2-enoate
Dominicalure 2: a male-produced aggregation pheromone of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica."
C11H20O3200.31Prop-1-yl (E)-8-hydroxyoct-5-enoate"
C11H21ClO2220.772-Methylprop-1-yl
(R)-2-Chloroheptanoate
"
C11H22154.33(2R,3S)-2,3Dicyclopropylpentanemeso"
C11H22154.33(1R,2S)-1,2,4-Triethylcyclopentanemeso, all cis"
C11H22154.33trans-1-t-Butyl-2-methylcyclohexane"
C11H22O170.33UndecanalPheromone of the male greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella"
C11H22O170.33Undecan-3-one"
C11H22O170.33(RZ)-Undec-6-en-2-olThe volatile signal of ant-lions, Euroleon nostras and Grocus bore."
C11H22O170.33(3-Methylbut-1-oxy)cyclohexanechair, equatorial"
C11H22O170.33Isopentoxycyclohexane"
C11H22O2186.332,4-Dimethylpent-3-yl
3-methylbutanoate
"
C11H22O2186.33(S)-Hept-2-yl butanoate"
C11H22O2186.33SerricorninFemale-produced sex pheromone of the cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne."
C11H23Br235.24(R)-3-Bromoundecane"
C11H23Br235.24(S)-3-Bromoundecane"
C11H23N169.35trans-2-Ethyl-N-propylcyclohexanamine"
C11H24156.353,4-Diethyl-3-methylhexane"
C11H24156.35(3R,5S)-4-Ethyl-3,5-dimethylheptanemeso"
C11H24156.35(S)-4-Ethyl-2-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(R)-4-Ethyl-2-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3S,4S)-4-Isopropyl-3-methylheptane"
C11H24156.35(4R)-3-Isopropyl-2,4-dimethylhexane"
C11H24156.35(S)-4-Isopropyloctane"
C11H24156.35(R)-4-Isopropyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3R,5R)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3R,5S)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3S,5R)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.35(3S,5S)-5-Ethyl-3-methyloctane"
C11H24156.353,3,4,4-Tetramethylheptane"
C11H24156.35(R)-3-Ethyl-2,6-dimethylheptane"
C11H24156.35(S)-3-Ethyl-2,6-dimethylheptane"
C11H24O172.353,5-Diethylheptan-4-ol"
C11H24O172.351,5-Dipropoxypentane"
C11H26NO2PS267.41VXChemical warfare compound, a cholinesterase inhibitor more potent than sarin (q.v.).
WWW information."
C12H8Cl6364.9Aldrininsecticide, no longer manufactured in US"
C12H8O168.2Capillinbmp image
an acetylenic ketone which has fungicidal activity"
C12H9N3O4259.24MagnesonGives bright blue colour with Mg, and red-violet with Mo."
C12H10154.22Acenaphthenein coal tar"
C12H10154.22Biphenyl"
C12H10154.22AcenaphtheneOccurs in caol tar."
C12H11N7253.3TriamtereneDyazide, a diuretic.
WWW description
or here"
C12H13N5O2S291.36ProntosilFirst sulfa drug."
C12H15NO8301.282-Nitrophenyl beta-D-Galactopyranoside"
C12H16160.28Cyclohexylbenzenechair, equatorial conformation depicted"
C12H16O176.281-Phenylhexan-1-one"
C12H17NO191.3N,N-Diethyl-3-toluamideDEET, insect repellent, irritant to eyes."
C12H18162.3Multifidenefemale-produced male sperm cell attractant of certain brown alga"
C12H18Cl2N4OS337.3ThiamineVitamin B1. Model does not show the two chloride ions."
C12H18O4226.3(2E,6E)-3,7-Dimethyldeca
-2,6-dienedioic acid
Isolated from the hair pencils of male monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus"
C12H19O2S3291.49SulprofosInsecticide"
C12H20O180.32(5E,7Z)-Dodeca-5,7-dienalPheromone of the western tent caterpillar, Melacosoma californicum."
C12H20O2196.32(3Z,11S)-Dodec-3-en-11-olideComponent of the aggregation pheromone of the rusty grain beetle, Cryptolestes ferrugineus."
C12H20O2196.32(3Z,11R)-Dodec-3-en-11-olideComponent of the aggregation pheromone of the merchant grain beetle, Oryzaephilus mercator."
C12H22166.342,6-Dimethylspiro[4.5]decane"
C12H22166.342,6-Dimethylspiro[4.5]decane"
C12H22166.34endo-2-Isopropyl
-7,7-dimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
"
C12H22166.34Spiro[3.8]dodecane"
C12H22166.341,2,4,8-Tetramethylspiro[2.5]octane"
C12H22O182.34(5Z,7E)-Dodeca-5,7-dien-1-olPheromone of the female pine moth, Dendrolimus spectabilis, and the forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria."
C12H22O182.34(8Z,10E)-Dodeca-8,10-dien-1-olSex pheromone of the codlin moth, Laspeyresia pomonella, and the forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria."
C12H22O2198.34(Z)-Dec-5-en-1-yl acetatePheromone component of the turnip moth, Agrotis segetum."
C12H22O2198.34QuadrilureAggregation pheromone of male square-necked grain beetles, Cathartus quadricollis."
C12H22O2198.34InvictolideQueen recognition pheromone component of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta."
C12H22O11342.34Cellobioseunit of cellulose, though not found free in nature"
C12H22O11342.34Lactosein milk of mammals"
C12H22O11342.34Maltosesweetener, from starch"
C12H22O11342.34Sucrose, Sugarcane sugar, beet sugar"
C12H24168.36cis-1,4-Di-tert-butylcyclohexaneAlthough the chair form of cyclohexane is usually the most stable conformation for the ring, in this case, one of the two bulky tert-butyl substituents would be forced into the axial position in the chair form. Thus the twist-boat conformation is adopted, where the two bulky tert-butyl groups can both occupy equatorial positions."
C12H24168.36(Z)-4-Ethyl-5-methylnon-4-ene"
C12H24168.36cis,trans-4-Ethyl-2-methyl-1-propylcyclohexanechair, all equatorial"
C12H24O2200.36Dodecanoic acidLauric acid, from coconut and other oils.
All about coconuts!"
C12H24O2200.36(S)-Hex-3-yl hexanoate"
C12H24O6264.3618-Crown-6 with K+Shown with a potassium ion in its cavity.
Useful as a phase transfer agent causing salts (such as potassium permanganate) to dissolve in non-polar solvents, such as benzene"
C12H25NO199.38N,N,4-Triethylhexanamide"
C12H26170.38(3R,5S)-4-Isopropyl-3,5-dimethylheptanemeso"
C12H26170.38(R)-5-Isopropyl-2-methyloctane"
C12H26170.38(S)-5-Isopropyl-2-methyloctane"
C12H27N185.4N,N,3-Triethylhexan-3-amine"
C13H10N2O2226.25(R)-ThalidomideThis enantiomer probably has no teratogenic effects.
New uses for thalidomide."
C13H10N2O2226.25(S)-ThalidomideThis enantiomer has teratogenic effects, causing a wide variety of birth defects when taken by women in the first trimester"
C13H10O182.23Benzophenonefixative for perfumes"
C13H18O2206.31IbuprofenAdvil, Motrim: anti-inflammatory.
drug database
also here."
C13H20176.33Tetracyclopropylmethane"
C13H20176.33(S)-3-cyclopropyl-4,4-dimethyloctane"
C13H20N2O2236.35Procaine, NovocaineA local anesthetic"
C13H20O192.333-Phenoxyheptane"
C13H20O192.334-(5-Isopropenyl-2-methylcyclopent-1-enyl)-2-butanoneUsed in perfumery - citrus-like with woody background odour.S enantiomer shown"
C13H21NO3239.35Albuterol(Proventil) A bronchodilator.
WWW reference."
C13H21N3O235.37ProcainamideA cardiac depressant and local anesthetic, used as an antiarrhythmic"
C13H22N4O3S314.45RanitidineZantac, an anti-ulcerative.
WWW description"
C13H24180.37(3R)-3-Cyclobutyl-1-cyclopropyl-4-methylpentane"
C13H24180.371-Methyl-8-propylbicyclo[4.3.0]nonane"
C13H24180.378-Isopropylspiro[4.5]decane"
C13H26182.39(4S)-4-Cyclopentyloctane"
C13H26182.39(4R)-3-Ethyl-4-cyclopentylhexane"
C13H27NO213.415-Ethyl-N-methyl-N-propylheptanamide"
C13H28184.41(3R)-4,4-Dimethyl-3-propyloctane"
C13H28184.414,4-Dipropylheptane"
C13H28184.41(3S,5S)-5-Isopropyl-2,3-dimethyloctane"
C14H6N4O12422.24Di-2,4-dinitrophenyl oxalate"
C14H8O2208.22Anthraquinone"
C14H8O4240.22Alizarinroot of the madder plant"
C14H8O4240.22(M)-2-(2'-Carboxy-6'-nitrophenyl)
-3-nitrobenzoic acid
Chiral because the groups on the benzene ring cannot pass each other. Called: atropisomerism"
C14H8O4240.22(P)-2-(2'-Carboxy-6'-nitrophenyl)
-3-nitrobenzoic acid
Chiral because the groups on the benzene ring cannot pass each other. Called: atropisomerism"
C14H9Cl5354.48DDTContact insecticide"
C14H10178.24AnthracenePresent in coal tar."
C14H10178.24PhenanthreneOccurs in coal tar."
C14H10O194.24Anthranol"
C14H10O2210.24Benzil"
C14H12180.26trans-Stilbene"
C14H12180.26cis-Stilbene"
C14H12180.26(1R,2S)-1,2-Dibromo-1,2-diphenylethaneThe meso stereoisomer."
C14H12O3228.26Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenoneOxybenzone. Used in sunscreen lotions,
effectiveness of sun screen lotions."
C14H14182.2814-Annulenenon-planar, so not aromatic"
C14H14N3O3S304.37Methyl orangeAnion modeled. Indicator in acid-base titrations."
C14H14O3230.28(S)-NaproxenNaproxen is a chiral, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with analgesic and antipyretic properties.
Information"
C14H15NO7309.3LaetrileRise and fall of Laetrile."
C14H15N3225.32Butter yellowOnce used to colour margarine."
C14H18186.322,2,9,9-Tetramethyldec-3,5,7-triyne"
C14H18N2O5294.34AspartameNutrasweet, a synthetic, non-nutrative sweetener"
C14H18O4250.322-Ethoxyethyl
trans-4-methoxycinnamate
Used in sun screen lotions."
C14H18O8314.32Vanillin beta-D-glucoside"
C14H20188.34CongressaneCongress emblem of the International Congress of Pure and Applied Chemistry."
C14H22N2O234.38Lidocaine, XylocaineAn injectable local anesthetic"
C14H22N2O3266.38TenorminS enantiomer modelled. Drug used in the treatment of high blood pressure, angina pectoris and heart attack.
WWW reference."
C14H22O206.36(+)-cis-alpha-IroneFragrant principle of violets, though best isolated from iris or orris oil. Natural product is a mixture of alpha, beta and gamma forms. Used in perfumery."
C14H22O206.36(+)-trans-alpha-IroneFragrant principle of violets, though best isolated from iris or orris oil. Natural product is a mixture of alpha, beta and gamma forms. Used in perfumery."
C14H22O206.36(+)-beta-IroneFragrant principle of violets, though best isolated from iris or orris oil. Natural product is a mixture of alpha, beta and gamma forms. Used in perfumery."
C14H22O206.36(+)-cis-gamma-IroneFragrant principle of violets, though best isolated from iris or orris oil. Natural product is a mixture of alpha, beta and gamma forms. Used in perfumery."
C14H24O2224.38(7E,9Z)-Dodeca-7,9-dien-1-yl
acetate
Sex pheromone of the grape vine moth, Lobesia botrana."
C14H26194.41,4-Diisopropylbicyclo[2.2.2]octane"
C14H26O2226.4(E)-Dodec-7-en-1-yl acetateSex pheromone of the false codling moth, Cryptophlevia leucotretia."
C14H26O2226.4(Z)-Dodec-7-en-1-yl acetateSex pheromone of the European grape berry moth.
Only the pure Z-diastereoisomer is bioactive with this moth."
C14H26O2226.4(E)-Dodec-9-en-1-yl acetatePheromone of the red bollworm moth, the cereal tortrix moth and rhe European pine shoot moth."
C14H26O2226.4(Z)-Dodec-7-en-1-yl acetatePheromone of the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni."
C14H28O2228.42(1R,7R)-1,7-Dimethylnon-1-yl propanoateSex pheromone of the wstern corn root worm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera."
C14H29B208.24B-((E)-But-1-en-1-yl)
-B,B-di(1,2-dimethylpropyl)borane
"
C14H30198.445-Butyldecane"
C14H30198.442,2,4,4,7,7-Tetramethyloctane"
C14H30198.44(R)-5-Isobutyldecane(R)-5-(2-Methylpropyl)decane"
C14H30198.44(S)-5-Isobutyldecane(S)-5-(2-methylpropyl)decane"
C15H7Br267.12Girafyneunknown molecule"
C15H11I4NO4776.91Levothyroxineas sodium salt: Synthroid, for treatment of hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid desease references"
C15H14194.29(E)-1,2-Diphenylpropene"
C15H14194.29(Z)-1,2-Diphenylpropene"
C15H14ClN3O4S367.83CefaclorCeclor, an semisynthetic antibiotic.
WWW guide to cephalosporins
also : How to take cephalosporins"
C15H17BrN2305.24DimetappAntihistamine. R enantiomer shown.
Information
More information"
C15H18O5278.33CoriamyrtinToxic sesquiterpene from the leaves and fruit of Coraria myrtifolia."
C15H20O3248.35Periplanone-BComponent of the sex pheromone of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana"
C15H20O3248.35Illudin MAn antitumor, antibiotic produced by poisonous basidiomycetes Clitocybe illudens."
C15H21NO2247.37DemerolNarcotic analgesic, similar in action to morphine.
Information"
C15H22O218.37alpha-VetivoneIsolated from vetiver oil (from the roots of Vetiveria zizanioides. May be used in perfumery."
C15H22O218.37beta-VetivoneIsolated from vetiver oil (roots of Vetiveria zizanioides. Mixed with alpha-vetivone."
C15H22O3250.37WarburganalSesquiterpene from Warburgia ugandensis. Has biological activity as a plant growth regulator, an antimicrobial and as a molluscicide."
C15H22O5282.37ArtemisininActive antimalarial constituent of the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Artemisia anua. (2000 years old remedy.)"
C15H24204.39CaryophylleneOccurs in oil of clove and many essential oils"
C15H24204.39Humuleneterpene constituent of carnation extracts. A cyclo-undecatriene."
C15H24204.39CopaeneSesquiterpene from African copaiba balsam oil."
C15H24204.39ThujopseneSesquiterpene from wood oil of the Japanese Hiba tree."
C15H24204.39beta-CadineneSesquiterpene in essential oils from junipers and ceders (oil of cade)."
C15H24204.39YlangeneIsolated from ylang-ylang oil and oil of birch buds."
C15H24204.39beta-FarneseneConstituent of various essential oils and of a red fire and trail pheromone."
C15H24O220.392,6-Di-t-butyl-4-methylphenolAntioxidant for use with packaged foods."
C15H24O220.39alpha-SantalolSesquiterpene alcohol from sandalwood oil."
C15H24O220.39beta-SantalolFrom sandalwood oil."
C15H24O2236.39Methyl (R,2E)-tetradeca-2,4,5-trienoateSex attractant of the male dried-bean weevil.
Naturally optically active due to allene structure.
Pheromone of the male dried bark beetle, Acanthoscelides obtectus, 74% this enantiomer. Specific rotation: -176"
C15H24O2236.39Methyl (S,2E)-tetradeca-2,4,5-trienoateNaturally occuring optically active due to allene structure.
Pheromone of the male dried bark beetle, Acanthoscelides obtectus, 26% this enantiomer. Specific rotation: +176"
C15H24O2236.39Methyl tetradeca-2,4,5-trenoatePheromone of the male dried bark beetle, Acanthoscelides obtectus, a naturally occuring (74% this enantiomer) chiral allene. Specific rotation: -176"
C15H26O222.41FarnesolFound in many oils such as citronella, lemon grass, rose, and musk. Used in perfumery to emphasize sweet floral odours."
C15H26O222.41(+)-CarotolFrom oil of carrot seeds."
C15H26O222.41LedolSesquiterpene from the essential oil of leaves of Ledum palustre."
C15H26O222.41Patchouli alcoholSesquiterpene from oil of patchouli."
C15H30O2242.45LardolureAggregation pheromone of the acarid mite, Lardoglyphus konoi."
C15H32212.474,4-Di-t-butylheptane"
C15H32212.47(5R)-5-(1-Ethylpropyl)decane"
C15H32212.474-Isopropyl-4-propylnonane"
C16H8Br2N2O2420.06Tyrian purple6,6'-dibromoindigo. Prepared from sea snails found near the city of Tyre in very low yield (10,000 snails gave 1 g of dye) and so very expensive and historically available only to royalty."
C16H8N2O8S2420.38IndigotineRoyal blue food colouring (dianion).
Information"
C16H9N4O9S2465.41Tartrazine
Yellow #5
Lemon yellow food colouring (trianion).
Information."
C16H10202.26PyreneOccurs in coal tar."
C16H10N2O7S2406.4Sunset yellow
Yellow #6
Orange colour for use in foods and drugs.
Information."
C16H11N3O3293.3Para redAzo dye used on cotton"
C16H13ClN2O284.76ValiumDiazepam, a synthetic tranquilizer and muscle relaxant. May be addictive
drug monograph"
C16H18N2O4S334.42Penicillin G"
C16H18N2O6334.36NifedipineAntianginal; antihypertensive.
WWW reference."
C16H19N3O5S365.44AmoxicillinAmoxil, an semisynthetic antibiotic related to penicillin.
WWW description"
C16H20I3N3O8763.12Iopromide(all chiral centres R) a radiographic contrast medium."
C16H21NO2259.38(S)-Propranolol(-)-Propranolol, a beta blocker for heart disease.
Information"
C16H21NO2259.38(R)-Propranolol(+)-Propranolol, acts as a contraceptive."
C16H21NO3275.38AnnotinineMajor alkaloid of club mosses."
C16H24N2O2276.42MolindoneAntipsychotic drug (S enantiomer modelled)."
C16H25NO2263.42TramadolAnalegsic.
Model shown is the trans (R,R) sterioisomer.
Information
More information
Crystals"
C16H26218.42(S)-3-Phenyldecane"
C16H30222.462,7-Diethylspiro[5.6]dodecane"
C16H30O238.46BombykolPheromone from the silkworm moth, Bombyx mori"
C16H30O238.46(R)-3-MethylcyclopentadecanoneMuscone. Odorous principle of musk. Used in perfumery"
C16H34226.56-Isoamylundecane"
C16H34226.5(5S)-5-Isobutyldodecane"
C16H34226.5(4R,5S)-5-Isobutyl-4-isopropylnonane"
C17H13ClN4308.79AlprazolamXanax, antianxiety, may be addictive.
WWW description"
C17H18F3NO306.36Prozac(Fluoxetine). An antidepressant.
WWW reference."
C17H18N2250.37Troger's basechirality due to tetrahedral nitrogen in such a molecular position that it cannot invert"
C17H19NO3285.37MorphineMost important alkaloid of opium, a narcotic analgesic. Addictive.
Sulfate medication"
C17H19NO3285.37Piperinecompound in black pepper which causes sneezing;
synthesis: JChemEd,72, A26 (1995)"
C17H20N2S284.45(S)-PromethazinePhenothiazine-type antihistamine used predominantly as an antiemetic or to prevent motion sickness.
Reference
S enantiomer modelled, though the drug is used as a racemic mixture."
C17H21NO255.39Diphenhydramine
Benadryl
Antihistamine
Information"
C17H21NO4303.39Cocainea local anesthetic from leaves of Erythroxylon coca, a bush in the Andes"
C17H22I3N3O8777.15Iopamidola radiographic contrast medium"
C17H22O2258.39Enanthotoxin (R enantiomer) an acetylenic natural product from hemlock water dropwort, the most poisonous plant in the UK."
C17H22O5S338.45PremarinModel is of the sulphonic acid, premarin contains the sodium salt of this acid as major component.
WWW reference.
Isolated from the urine of pregnant mares, there is some controversy over its isolation"
C17H30O250.47(Z)-Cycloheptadec-9-enoneMusky odour, used in perfumery."
C17H30O250.47FaranalTrail pheromone of Pharoah's ant, Monomorium Pharaonis, detected at 1 pg/cm of trail."
C17H32236.49(R)-4-Butyl-4-propyldec-2-yne"
C17H32236.49(S)-4-Butyl-4-propyldec-2-yne"
C17H34O2270.51Isopropyl tetradecanoateIsopropyl myristate. Used in cosmetics and topical medicines.
MSDS"
C17H36240.53(5S,1'S)-5-sec-Butyl-5-isopropyldecane"
C17H36240.53(6R,7S)-3,3,6-Triethyl-7-methyldecane"
C17H36240.53(6S,7R)-3,3,6-Trethyl-7-methyldecane"
C18H10O2258.28Phenyl benzoate"
C18H12228.3TetraceneNaphthacene; occurs in coal tar. Orange crystals."
C18H12228.3Tetraphene"
C18H12228.3Benzo[c]phenanthrene"
C18H12228.3TriphenyleneOccurs in coal tar."
C18H12228.3ChryseneOccurs in coal tar."
C18H12N2O2288.32XanthocillinAntibiotic used in some feed supplements. Contains the isonitrile (-NC) group."
C18H14N2O8S2450.46Allura red
Red #40
Colour for use in foods and drugs. Dianion is modelled.
Information"
C18H16N2O3308.36Citrus redUsed to colour orange skins!"
C18H18234.3618-Annulene (planar)planar, but not quite minimum energy"
C18H18234.3618-Annulene (energy minimized)not quite planar"
C18H19ClN4326.86ClozapineAntipsychotic drug.
Information
more.."
C18H21NO3299.4CodeineInhibits the cough reflex"
C18H24O2272.42EstradiolMost potent mammalian estrogenic (female sex) hormone"
C18H25NO271.44DextromethorphanActive ingredient in most cough medicines"
C18H25NO271.44Levomethorphan"
C18H27NO3305.46CapsaicinIsolated from paprika and cayenne. Burning taste, can be detected to the dilution of 1 part in 100 000!"
C18H27NO6353.46HygrophyllineIsolated from Senecio hygrophylus"
C18H30O2278.48(Z)-Hexadec-13-en-11-yn-1-yl
acetate
Female sex pheromone of the processionary moth, Thaumetopoea pityocampa, a Mediterranean pine tree defoliator."
C18H32O2280.5(11E,9Z)-Octadeca-9,11-dienoic acid"
C18H32O2280.5(10E,12Z)-Octadeca-10,12-dienoic acid"
C18H32O2280.5(9Z,12Z)-Octadeca-9,12-dienoic acidPresent in many vegetable oils. Used in paints, emulsifiers."
C18H32O3296.5cis-12,13-Epoxyoctadec-cis-9-enoic
acid
Vernolic acid: principle seed oil acid from Vernonia anthelmintica"
C18H34O266.52(3E,13Z)-3,13-Octadecadien-1-ola pheromone of the poplar twig clearwing moth (Paranthrene tabaniformis)"
C18H34O2282.52Oleic acid"
C18H36O2284.54Octadecanoic acid, Stearic acid"
C18H38254.56(5R,6S,1'S)-6-sec-Butyl
-5-isobutyldecane
"
C18H38254.56(5S)-6-Ethyl-5-isobutyl
-3-isopropyl-2-methyloctane
"
C18H38254.56(4S,5R)-4-Ethyl-2-methyl
-5,6-dipropylnonane
"
C18H38254.56(3R,4R,6S)-4-Ethyl-6-propyl-2,3-dimethylundecane"
C18H38254.56(3S,4S,6R)-4-Ethyl-6-propyl-2,3-dimethylundecane"
C18H38254.562-MethylheptadecaneSex pheromone of the tiger moth, Holomelina aurantiaca."
C19H12O6336.31DicoumarolIn spoiled sweet clover, used as an anticoagulant."
C19H14O3290.33AurinDeep red metallic crystals"
C19H16O260.35Triphenylmethanol"
C19H16O4308.35WarfarinRodenticide and anticoagulant (as Na salt)"
C19H19N7O6441.45Folic acid (folate)Vitamin"
C19H22O6346.41Gibberellic acidPlant hormone - most potent of the growth promoting metabolites of Gibberella fujikuroi. Used as a plant growth regulator, especially for seedlings, and as a food additive in the malting of barley."
C19H26I3N3O9821.21Iohexol(all chiral centres R) a radiographic contrast medium"
C19H27NO285.47PentazocineUsed in obstetrics to dull the pain of labour"
C19H28O2288.47TestosteronePrinciple male sex hormone (androgen), also promotes muscle growth"
C19H30O2290.49AndrosteroneMale sex hormone."
C19H32260.51(3Z,6Z,9Z)-Nonadeca-1,3,6,9-tetraeneSex pheromone of the winter moth, Operophthera brumata"
C19H34262.53(3Z,6Z,9Z)-Nonadeca-3,6,9-trienePheromone component of the giant looper, Boarmia selenaria"
C19H36O2296.55Lactobacillic acidConstituent of microorganisms."
C19H38266.57(S)-14-Methyloctadec-1-eneSex pheromone of the peach miner moth, Lyonetia clerkella, a destructive pest in the peach orchards of Japan."
C19H38O282.57DisparlureSex pheromone of the gypsy moth."
C19H38O2298.57(2S,3S,7S)-3,7-Dimethylpentadec-2-yl
acetate
Attractive to the American pine sawfly, Neodiprion pinetum"
C19H40268.59(3S,5S,7S)-3,5,7-Triethyl
-2,5,7-trimethyldecane
"
C19H40268.59(5S,9S)-5,9-DimethylheptadecaneFemale sex pheromone of the mountain-ash bentwing, Leucoptera scitella, a pest in the apple orchards of Hungary."
C20H6I4O5833.9Erythrosine
Red #3
Cherry red food colouring (dianion).
Information"
C20H10250.3CorranuleneNon-planar, like a skull cap."
C20H12252.32Benzo[a]pyreneFound in coal tar, possible carcinogen."
C20H12252.32PeryleneOccurs in coal tar."
C20H20260.4DodecahedraneSynthesized by LA Paquette in 1982"
C20H22N8O5454.5MethotrexateBlocks the effect of folic acid (q.v.)
Information"
C20H24N2O2324.46Quinineantimalarial drug isolated from cinchona bark"
C20H25N3O323.48LSDlysergic acid, diethylamide, a potent hallucinogen"
C20H26O2298.46NorethindroneUsed in birth control pills.
Information."
C20H28N2O5376.5Enalapril(Vasotec). An antihypertensive.
WWW reference."
C20H28O284.4811-cis-Retinalcomponent of the visual pigments"
C20H28O284.4811-trans-Retinalcomponent of the visual pigments"
C20H30O286.5Vitamin A1 unit of Vit A is 0.30 micrograms.
Vit A,
unicef"
C20H32O2304.52Arachidonic acid(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-Icosa-5,6,11,14-tetraenoic acid, an essential fatty acid, occurs in liver, brain, glandular organs."
C20H40280.6Eicosanoic acidArachidic acid, found in a number of oils including peanut oil."
C20H42282.62(3S,5R,6R,7S,1'S)-7-Isopropyl
-5-(1,2-dimethylpropyl)-3,6-dimethyldecane
"
C20H42282.62(4S,6R)-4-Isopropyl-6-pentyldodecane"
C20H42282.62(5R,6S)-6-(3-Methylbutyl)
-5-(2-methylpropyl)undecane
"
C21H20N3314.44Ethidium ionUse: biological staining.
Health and safety info."
C21H22N2O2334.45StrychnineExtremely poisonous.
Nux Vomica"
C21H23ClFNO2374.9HaloperidolAntipsychotic properties."
C21H23NO5369.45HeroinAcetylated morphine, highly addictive, banned substance. Dogs are trained to detect the acetic acid odour from its synthesis."
C21H27NO309.49MethadoneNarcotic analgesic, similar in action to morphine.
Information"
C21H30O2314.51(-)-Delta(1)-THCActive component of marijuana"
C21H30O2314.51(-)-Delta(6)-THCActive (but only 1%) component of marijuana"
C21H30O5362.51CortisolGlucocorticoid hormone (regulates metabolism of carbohydrates and decrease inflamation"
C21H32O2316.53PregnenoloneInformation"
C21H36O2320.573-Pentadecylcatecholconstituent of the irritant oil of poison ivy.
other sites:poison ivy
poison ivy
poison ivy
poison oak"
C21H41Br373.52(E)-12-Bromo-6-hexyl
-5-propyldodec-5-ene
"
C21H44296.65(4R,6S,1'R)-4,6-Diisopropyl
-5-(1,2,2-trimethylpropyl)nonane
"
C22H14278.36PentaceneDeep blue needles."
C22H14278.36Pentaphene"
C22H14278.36Dienzo[c,g]phenanthrene"
C22H14278.36PiceneOccurs in soft coal tar oils."
C22H19Br2NO3505.22DeltamethrinA pyrethrin insecticide
"
C22H22FN3O2378.47DroperidolTranquilizer. Information."
C22H26N2O4S414.56DiltiazemCardizem, a calcium channel blocker and coronary vasodilator.
WWW description"
C22H29NO2339.52DarvonNarcotic analgesic, similar in action to morphine.
Information"
C22H37NO331.6AnandamideChocoholics amide, ethanolamide of arachidonic acid."
C22H42O2338.64(E)-Docos-13-enoic acidBrassidic acid."
C22H42O2338.64(Z)-Docos-13-enoic acidErucic acid. 40-50% of the fatty acids in seeds such as rapeseed and mustard."
C22H44O2340.66Isobutyl stearateUsed in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants."
C23H26N2O4394.51BrucineHighly toxic, like strychnine"
C23H29N3O2S2443.67cis-ThiothixeneAntipsychotic drug; cis form has greater activity than trans."
C23H30N6O4S486.65ViagraDrug design by Dr DE Walters who kindly provided the original file.
Pfizer's viagra site
Evaluation."
C23H32N2O5416.57Altace
Remipril
Antihypertensive
Web site
More information
Crystals photograph"
C23H34O4374.57DigitoxigeninAglycon of digitoxin, a cardiotonic"
C23H46322.69Muscalure, (Z)-Tricos-9-enefemale sex pheromone of the housefly (Musca domestica)"
C23H48324.71(6S,8R,1'S)-6-(1-Ethyl-3-methylbutyl)
-3-ethyl-8-isopropylundecane
"
C24H12300.36Coronene"
C24H40O5408.64(+)Cholic acida bile acid.
11 stereocentres lead to 2048 possible stereoisomers. Of the these only this one is found naturally."
C24H48336.721,2,3,4,5,6-HexaisopropylcyclohexaneMost stable conformation: all axial!
Deliciously counterintuitive - M Jones, Organic Chemistry, Norton, 1997."
C25H33NO4411.59Etorphine2000 times more potent than morphine, not safe for human use but used to tranquilize elephants!"
C26H16328.42Hexahelicenechiral because of screw-like structure imposed by non-superimposable benzene rings"
C26H16328.42Hexahelicenechiral because of screw-like structure imposed by non-superimposable benzene rings"
C26H16328.42Hexaphene"
C27H42O4430.69HecogeninNaturally occuring plant steroid which may be used to synthesize required human steroids, avoiding costly total synthesis."
C27H46O386.73CholesterolSteroid transformations
Photo Gallery
Control High Cholesterol Levels"
C28H44O396.72ErgosterolObtained from yeast, most important provitamin D"
C29H35NO2429.65MefepristoneRU-486, the 'morning after' contraceptive.
Web resources."
C29H50O2430.79Vitamin EFound in wheat germ, corn, sunflower seeds, soybean oils, etc. Used as an antioxidant in vegetable oils."
C30H18378.48Trinaphthalene"
C30H40O6496.7AbsinthinVery bitter orange needle crystals from wormwood, Artemisia absinthium"
C32H14398.46Ovalene"
C32H41NO2471.74Terfenadine (R enantiomer)Seldane, an antihistamine.
Histamine, antihistamine information
or Histamine, antihistamine information"
C33H40N2O9608.75ReserpineTranquilizer and antihypertensive."
C34H32FeN4O4616.55HemeIn hemoglobin in the blood."
C35H44I6N6O151550.31Iodixanol(all chiral centres R) a radiographic contrast medium"
C36H47N5O4613.88Indinavir
or Crixivan
Antiviral drug used against HIV/AIDS.
Information."
C36H61NaO11692.96Monensin - Sodium saltAn ionophore antibiotic produced by the bacteria Streptoyces cinnamonensis. Used in beef cattle to increase the weight gain to food intake ratio.
Information"
C36H62O11670.98MonensinAn ionophore antibiotic produced by the bacteria Streptoyces cinnamonensis. Used in beef cattle to increase the weight gain to food intake ratio.
Information"
C37H34N2O9S3746.91Brilliant blue FCFBright blue food colouring (dianion).
Information."
C37H34N2O10S3762.91Fast green FCFSea green food colouring (dianion).
Information."
C37H67NO13734.05Erythromycin AProduced by a strain of Streptomyces erythreus. Used as an antibacterial."
C40H56536.96alpha-CaroteneVitamin A precursor. Found widespread but in smaller amounts than beta form."
C40H56536.96beta-CaroteneVitamin A precursor."
C40H64O12737.04NonactinMacrotetrolide antibiotic.
Forms complexes with ions - see 18-Crown-6"
C41H64O14781.05LanoxinDrug used for heart disease; heartbeat regulator.
WWW reference."
C46H49O14N839.96Taxoljpg image
extracted from bark of Pacific yew tree, of which the supply is limited;
shows promise in treating certain kinds of cancers.
www taxol page."
C48H24600.72Kekulenea hexagon of benzenes"
C50H70O14895.2Brevetoxin Bmarine neurotoxin associated with 'red tide' catastrophes on coastal areas around the world
The Harmful Algae Page
Intro to Dinoflagellata"
C57H110O6891.67Prop-1,2,3-yl triactodecanoateA triglyceride, fat."
C58H32728.9TetradecaheliceneA spiral molecule."
C60720.6BuckminsterfullereneBucky ball molecule, found in soot."
C63H88CoN14O14P1355.55Vitamin B12Synthesized 1972, Woodward et al."
C156H278O192458.34Sucrose octaoleate
olestra-like
non-hydrolyzing fat, useful for dieting!
Information."
ClF389.45Chlorine(III) fluoride"
ClF4107.45Chlorine tetrafluoride anion"
ClF4107.45Chlorine tetrafluoride cation"
Cl2OS118.96Sulfuryl chloride"
H2O18.02Water"
ICl2197.81Iodine dichloride anionLinear."
I3380.73Triiodide anion"
NH317.04Ammonia"
N2H432.06HydrazineHighly toxic, LD50: 57 mg/kg in mice.
Reducing agent and rocket fuel.
Propellant info
Hydrazine sulfate in cancer therapy."
PBr4350.57Phosphorus tetrabromide cation"
PCl3137.32Phosphorus trichloride"
PCl5208.22Phosphorus(V) chloride"
SF268.06Sulfur difluoride"
SF4104.06Sulfur(IV) fluoride"
SF6140.06Sulfur(VI) fluoride"
SO264.06Sulfur dioxide"
SO380.06Sulfur trioxide"
XeF2167.3Xenon difluoride"
XeF4203.3Xenon tetrafluoride"
Number of entries in table : 1528

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This page last modified on: Thu, Mar 27, 2014 .