Molecular Fragments: Poison!

Site and models created by Dr. Dave Woodcock, Associate Professor Emeritus, UBC (Kelowna).

(email)
Copyright 1996, 1997, 2008 Dave Woodcock
Note on Jmol: For x86 machines, on the molecular model...
Click LH mouse button to rotate
Use the mouse scroll wheel (or Shift + click LH mouse button) to zoom
click RH mouse button for menu
For spacefill model on the menu:
  • choose 'Style'
  • then choose 'Scheme'
  • then 'CPK Spacefill'
Choose other model presentations in the same way.
Coniine
from hemlock
LD50 for humans = 10 mg/kg
Socrates' poison
Strychnine
from strychnos plant
LD50 for humans = 1 mg/kg
Digitoxin
from foxglove
LD50 for cats = 200 mg/kg
heart stimulant in low doses (0.1 to 1 mg/kg); deadly if overdosed.
Batrachotoxin
from South American frogs of the Phyllobates genus
LD50 for mice = 2 microg/kg
used to tip poisonous darts
cannot enter body except through a wound (or ulcer)
Tetrodotoxin
from puffer fish (liver and overies)
LD50 0.010 mg/kg
the puffer fish is a gourmet delicacy in Japan, one must be licenced to prepare it!
Saxitoxin
from dinoflagellates Gonyaulax catenella and G. tamarensis
from shellfish poisoned by the dinoflagellates (US, Canada Pacific Coast)
LD50 for mice 0.063 mg/kg
Do not eat shellfish during a "Red Tide" outbreak!
Brevetoxin B
from dinoflagellates Ptycodiscus brevis Davis
responsible for red tides
LC50 (1 hour) in fresh water "zebra" fish: 16 ng/mL
Do not eat shellfish during a "red tide" outbreak!
Palytoxin carboxylic acid
from a coral resident on Maui, Hawaii
Palytoxin LD50 = 0.00015 mg/kg (150 pg/kg)
One of the most toxic substances known


page upkeep by Dave: (email) who is solely responsible for the contents.

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